Henry VI Part 3


Text
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Alarum. Enter York, Edward, Richard, Norfolk,

Montague, Warwick, and soldiers, with white roses

in their hats


WARWICK

I wonder how the King escaped our hands?


YORK

While we pursued the horsemen of the north,

He slily stole away and left his men;

Whereat the great Lord of Northumberland,

Whose warlike ears could never brook retreat,
brook (v.) 1 endure, tolerate, put up with

Cheered up the drooping army; and himself,

Lord Clifford, and Lord Stafford, all abreast,

Charged our main battle's front, and, breaking in,
battle (n.) 1 army, fighting force, battalion

Were by the swords of common soldiers slain.


EDWARD

Lord Stafford's father, Duke of Buckingham,

Is either slain or wounded dangerous;
dangerous (adv.) dangerously, mortally, seriously

I cleft his beaver with a downright blow.
downright (adj.) 2 directed straight down, coming from above

That this is true, father, behold his blood.


MONTAGUE

And, brother, here's the Earl of Wiltshire's blood,

Whom I encountered as the battles joined.
battle (n.) 1 army, fighting force, battalion
join (v.) 1 encounter, come together, meet in conflict


RICHARD

Speak thou for me and tell them what I did.

He throws down the Duke of Somerset's head


YORK

Richard hath best deserved of all my sons.

But is your grace dead, my lord of Somerset?


NORFOLK

Such hope have all the line of John of Gaunt!


RICHARD

Thus do I hope to shake King Henry's head.


WARWICK

And so do I. Victorious Prince of York,

Before I see thee seated in that throne

Which now the house of Lancaster usurps,

I vow by heaven these eyes shall never close.

This is the palace of the fearful King,
fearful (adj.) 1 timid, timorous, frightened, full of fear

And this the regal seat; possess it, York;

For this is thine and not King Henry's heirs'.


YORK

Assist me then, sweet Warwick, and I will;

For hither we have broken in by force.


NORFOLK

We'll all assist you; he that flies shall die.


YORK

Thanks, gentle Norfolk; stay by me, my lords.
gentle (adj.) 1 well-born, honourable, noble See Topics: Frequency count

And, soldiers, stay and lodge by me this night.
lodge (v.) 1 sleep, lie, remain

They go up


WARWICK

And when the King comes, offer him no violence,

Unless he seek to thrust you out perforce.
perforce (adv.) 1 forcibly, by force, violently See Topics: Frequency count


YORK

The Queen this day here holds her parliament,

But little thinks we shall be of her council;

By words or blows here let us win our right.


RICHARD

Armed as we are, let's stay within this house.


WARWICK

The bloody parliament shall this be called

Unless Plantagenet, Duke of York, be king,

And bashful Henry deposed, whose cowardice
bashful (adj.) easily intimidated, readily daunted

Hath made us by-words to our enemies.
by-word (n.) object of scorn, model of cowardice


YORK

Then leave me not; my lords, be resolute;

I mean to take possession of my right.


WARWICK

Neither the King nor he that loves him best,

The proudest he that holds up Lancaster,
he (n.) man, person
hold up (v.) 2 support, uphold, sustain
proud (adj.) 2 courageous, valiant, brave

Dares stir a wing if Warwick shake his bells.

I'll plant Plantagenet, root him up who dares.
plant (v.) 3 install, set up, put in place

Resolve thee, Richard; claim the English crown.
resolve (v.) 4 decide, make up one's mind

Flourish. Enter King Henry, Clifford, Northumberland,

Westmorland, Exeter, and soldiers, with

red roses in their hats


KING

My lords, look where the sturdy rebel sits,
sturdy (adj.) disobedient, defiant, uncompromising

Even in the chair of state! Belike he means,
belike (adv.) probably, presumably, perhaps, so it seems See Topics: Frequency count
chair (n.) 1 throne

Backed by the power of Warwick, that false peer,
false (adj.) 1 treacherous, traitorous, perfidious See Topics: Frequency count

To aspire unto the crown and reign as king.

Earl of Northumberland, he slew thy father,

And thine, Lord Clifford; and you both have vowed revenge

On him, his sons, his favourites, and his friends.
favourite (n.) follower, supporter, ally


NORTHUMBERLAND

If I be not, heavens be revenged on me!


CLIFFORD

The hope thereof makes Clifford mourn in steel.
steel (n.) 1 armour


WESTMORLAND

What! Shall we suffer this? Let's pluck him down.
suffer (v.) 1 allow, permit, let

My heart for anger burns; I cannot brook it.
brook (v.) 1 endure, tolerate, put up with


KING

Be patient, gentle Earl of Westmorland.


CLIFFORD

Patience is for poltroons, such as he;
poltroon (n.) worthless coward, mean-spirited wretch

He durst not sit there had your father lived.

My gracious lord, here in the parliament

Let us assail the family of York.
assail (v.) 1 attack, assault, address


NORTHUMBERLAND

Well hast thou spoken, cousin; be it so.


KING

Ah, know you not the city favours them,

And they have troops of soldiers at their beck?
beck (n.) 1 beckoning, command, call


EXETER

But when the Duke is slain they'll quickly fly.


KING

Far be the thought of this from Henry's heart,

To make a shambles of the Parliament House!
shambles (n.) meat-market, slaughter-house

Cousin of Exeter, frowns, words, and threats

Shall be the war that Henry means to use.

Thou factious Duke of York, descend my throne,
factious (adj.) 3 rebellious, seditious

And kneel for grace and mercy at my feet;

I am thy sovereign.


YORK

                         I am thine.


EXETER

For shame, come down; he made thee Duke of York.


YORK

It was my inheritance, as the earldom was.


EXETER

Thy father was a traitor to the crown.


WARWICK

Exeter, thou art a traitor to the crown

In following this usurping Henry.


CLIFFORD

Whom should he follow but his natural king?
natural (adj.) 3 legitimate, by birthright, rightful


WARWICK

True, Clifford; that is Richard Duke of York.


KING

And shall I stand, and thou sit in my throne?


YORK

It must and shall be so; content thyself.
content (v.) 2 calm [down], settle, relax


WARWICK

Be Duke of Lancaster; let him be king.


WESTMORLAND

He is both king and Duke of Lancaster;

And that the Lord of Westmorland shall maintain.


WARWICK

And Warwick shall disprove it. You forget

That we are those which chased you from the field
field (n.) 1 field of battle, battleground, field of combat See Topics: Frequency count

And slew your fathers, and with colours spread
colours (n.) 1 battle-flags, ensigns, standards, banners See Topics: Frequency count

Marched through the city to the palace gates.


NORTHUMBERLAND

Yes, Warwick, I remember it to my grief;

And, by his soul, thou and thy house shall rue it.


WESTMORLAND

Plantagenet, of thee and these thy sons,

Thy kinsmen, and thy friends, I'll have more lives

Than drops of blood were in my father's veins.


CLIFFORD

Urge it no more; lest that, instead of words,
urge (v.) 1 press, insist on, state emphatically

I send thee, Warwick, such a messenger

As shall revenge his death before I stir.


WARWICK

Poor Clifford, how I scorn his worthless threats!


YORK

Will you we show our title to the crown?
title (n.) 1 [legal] right, claim, entitlement
will (v.), past form would 1 desire, wish, want

If not, our swords shall plead it in the field.
field (n.) 1 field of battle, battleground, field of combat See Topics: Frequency count
plead (v.) 1 make a case for, present an argument for


KING

What title hast thou, traitor, to the crown?
title (n.) 1 [legal] right, claim, entitlement

Thy father was, as thou art, Duke of York;

Thy grandfather, Roger Mortimer, Earl of March.

I am the son of Henry the Fifth,

Who made the Dauphin and the French to stoop
stoop (v.) 1 kneel, submit, bow down

And seized upon their towns and provinces.


WARWICK

Talk not of France, sith thou hast lost it all.


KING

The Lord Protector lost it, and not I.

When I was crowned I was but nine months old.


RICHARD

You are old enough now, and yet, methinks, you lose.
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.) it seems /seemed to me See Topics: Frequency count

Father, tear the crown from the usurper's head.


EDWARD

Sweet father, do so; set it on your head.


MONTAGUE

Good brother, as thou lovest and honourest arms,

Let's fight it out and not stand cavilling thus.
cavil (v.) dispute over details, raise pointless objections
stand (v.) 2 continue, remain, wait, stay put


RICHARD

Sound drums and trumpets, and the King will fly.


YORK

Sons, peace!


KING

Peace, thou! And give King Henry leave to speak.


WARWICK

Plantagenet shall speak first. Hear him, lords;

And be you silent and attentive too,

For he that interrupts him shall not live.


KING

Thinkest thou that I will leave my kingly throne,

Wherein my grandsire and my father sat?

No; first shall war unpeople this my realm;
unpeople (v.) empty of people, depopulate

Ay, and their colours, often borne in France,
colours (n.) 1 battle-flags, ensigns, standards, banners See Topics: Frequency count

And now in England to our hearts' great sorrow,

Shall be my winding-sheet. Why faint you, lords?
faint (v.) 1 lose courage, show fear, lose heart, take fright
winding-sheet (n.) burial cloth, shroud

My title's good, and better far than his.
title (n.) 1 [legal] right, claim, entitlement


WARWICK

Prove it, Henry, and thou shalt be king.


KING

Henry the Fourth by conquest got the crown.


YORK

'Twas by rebellion against his king.


KING

(aside)

I know not what to say; my title's weak. –

Tell me, may not a king adopt an heir?


YORK

What then?


KING

An if he may, then am I lawful king;

For Richard, in the view of many lords,

Resigned the crown to Henry the Fourth,

Whose heir my father was, and I am his.


YORK

He rose against him, being his sovereign,

And made him to resign his crown perforce.
perforce (adv.) 1 forcibly, by force, violently See Topics: Frequency count


WARWICK

Suppose, my lords, he did it unconstrained,

Think you 'twere prejudicial to his crown?
prejudicial (adj.) damaging to one's rights, tending to invalidate a claim


EXETER

No; for he could not so resign his crown

But that the next heir should succeed and reign.


KING

Art thou against us, Duke of Exeter?


EXETER

His is the right, and therefore pardon me.


YORK

Why whisper you, my lords, and answer not?


EXETER

My conscience tells me he is lawful king.
conscience (n.) 2 real knowledge, internal conviction, true understanding


KING

(aside)

All will revolt from me and turn to him.


NORTHUMBERLAND

Plantagenet, for all the claim thou layest,

Think not that Henry shall be so deposed.


WARWICK

Deposed he shall be, in despite of all.


NORTHUMBERLAND

Thou art deceived; 'tis not thy southern power
deceive (v.) 1 delude, mislead, take in

Of Essex, Norfolk, Suffolk, nor of Kent,
power (n.) 7 control, influence, sway

Which makes thee thus presumptuous and proud,

Can set the Duke up in despite of me.


CLIFFORD

King Henry, be thy title right or wrong,
title (n.) 1 [legal] right, claim, entitlement

Lord Clifford vows to fight in thy defence;

May that ground gape and swallow me alive,

Where I shall kneel to him that slew my father!


KING

O Clifford, how thy words revive my heart!


YORK

Henry of Lancaster, resign thy crown.

What mutter you, or what conspire you, lords?


WARWICK

Do right unto this princely Duke of York,
right (n.) 2 justice, rightfulness, justification

Or I will fill the house with armed men,

And over the chair of state, where now he sits,
chair (n.) 1 throne

Write up his title with usurping blood.
title (n.) 1 [legal] right, claim, entitlement

He stamps with his foot, and the soldiers show

themselves


KING

My Lord of Warwick, hear but one word;

Let me for this my lifetime reign as king.


YORK

Confirm the crown to me and to mine heirs,

And thou shalt reign in quiet while thou livest.


KING

I am content; Richard Plantagenet,
content (adj.) 1 agreeable, willing, ready See Topics: Frequency count

Enjoy the kingdom after my decease.


CLIFFORD

What wrong is this unto the Prince your son!


WARWICK

What good is this to England and himself!


WESTMORLAND

Base, fearful, and despairing Henry!
base (adj.) 1 dishonourable, low, unworthy See Topics: Frequency count
fearful (adj.) 1 timid, timorous, frightened, full of fear


CLIFFORD

How hast thou injured both thyself and us!


WESTMORLAND

I cannot stay to hear these articles.
article (n.) 1 clause, term, provision


NORTHUMBERLAND

Nor I.


CLIFFORD

Come, cousin, let us tell the Queen these news.


WESTMORLAND

Farewell, faint-hearted and degenerate King,

In whose cold blood no spark of honour bides.
cold (adj.) 7 hopeless, apathetic, miserable

Exit


NORTHUMBERLAND

Be thou a prey unto the house of York,

And die in bands for this unmanly deed!
band (n.) 5 bond, shackle, chain

Exit


CLIFFORD

In dreadful war mayst thou be overcome,

Or live in peace abandoned and despised!

Exit


WARWICK

Turn this way, Henry, and regard them not.


EXETER

They seek revenge and therefore will not yield.


KING

Ah, Exeter!


WARWICK

                         Why should you sigh, my lord?


KING

Not for myself, Lord Warwick, but my son,

Whom I unnaturally shall disinherit.
unnaturally (adv.) illegitimately, against normal practice

But be it as it may. (to York) I here entail

The crown to thee and to thine heirs for ever;

Conditionally that here thou take an oath
conditionally (adv.) on condition, providing

To cease this civil war; and, whilst I live,

To honour me as thy king and sovereign;

And neither by treason nor hostility

To seek to put me down and reign thyself.


YORK

This oath I willingly take and will perform.


WARWICK

Long live King Henry! Plantagenet, embrace him.


KING

And long live thou and these thy forward sons!
forward (adj.) 7 promising, early-maturing, precocious


YORK

Now York and Lancaster are reconciled.


EXETER

Accursed be he that seeks to make them foes!

Sennet. Here they come down


YORK

Farewell, my gracious lord; I'll to my castle.

Exeunt York and his sons


WARWICK

And I'll keep London with my soldiers.
keep (v.) 2 stay within, remain inside

Exit


NORFOLK

And I to Norfolk with my followers.

Exit


MONTAGUE

And I unto the sea from whence I came.

Exit


KING

And I with grief and sorrow to the court.

Enter the Queen and the Prince of Wales
bewray (v.) 1 betray, reveal, expose


EXETER

Here comes the Queen, whose looks bewray her anger;

I'll steal away.


KING

                         Exeter, so will I.


QUEEN

Nay, go not from me. I will follow thee.


KING

Be patient, gentle Queen, and I will stay.
gentle (adj.) 1 well-born, honourable, noble See Topics: Frequency count


QUEEN

Who can be patient in such extremes?

Ah, wretched man! Would I had died a maid,

And never seen thee, never borne thee son,

Seeing thou hast proved so unnatural a father!
unnatural (adj.) 1 against natural feeling, not in accord with kinship

Hath he deserved to lose his birthright thus?

Hadst thou but loved him half so well as I,

Or felt that pain which I did for him once,

Or nourished him as I did with my blood,

Thou wouldst have left thy dearest heart-blood there,

Rather than have made that savage Duke thine heir
savage (adj.) 1 fierce, ferocious, wild

And disinherited thine only son.


PRINCE

Father, you cannot disinherit me;

If you be king, why should not I succeed?


KING

Pardon me, Margaret; pardon me, sweet son;

The Earl of Warwick and the Duke enforced me.


QUEEN

Enforced thee! Art thou king, and wilt be forced?

I shame to hear thee speak. Ah, timorous wretch!
shame (v.) be ashamed, be embarrassed

Thou hast undone thyself, thy son, and me;
undo (v.) 1 ruin, destroy, wipe out

And given unto the house of York such head
head (n.) 2 power, strength, scope

As thou shalt reign but by their sufferance.
as (conj.) 7 that [following ‘s’ or ‘such’]
sufferance (n.) 3 permission, consent, acquiescence, say-so

To entail him and his heirs unto the crown,
entail to (v.) 2 appoint as heir

What is it but to make thy sepulchre,

And creep into it far before thy time?

Warwick is Chancellor and the Lord of Calais;

Stern Falconbridge commands the narrow seas;
stern (adj.) 1 cruel, malevolent, harsh

The Duke is made Protector of the realm;

And yet shalt thou be safe? Such safety finds

The trembling lamb environed with wolves.
environ (v.) surround, envelop, encircle, engulf

Had I been there, which am a silly woman,
silly (adj.) 1 helpless, defenceless, vulnerable

The soldiers should have tossed me on their pikes
toss (v.) 2 carry aloft, impale

Before I would have granted to that act.
grant (v.) 2 submit, yield, assent

But thou preferrest thy life before thine honour;

And, seeing thou dost, I here divorce myself

Both from thy table, Henry, and thy bed,

Until that act of parliament be repealed

Whereby my son is disinherited.

The northern lords that have forsworn thy colours
forswear (v), past forms forsworn, forswore 2 abandon, renounce, reject, give up See Topics: Frequency count

Will follow mine, if once they see them spread;
colours (n.) 1 battle-flags, ensigns, standards, banners See Topics: Frequency count

And spread they shall be, to thy foul disgrace

And utter ruin of the house of York.

Thus do I leave thee. Come, son, let's away.

Our army is ready; come, we'll after them.


KING

Stay, gentle Margaret, and hear me speak.


QUEEN

Thou hast spoke too much already; get thee gone.


KING

Gentle son Edward, thou wilt stay with me?
gentle (adj.) 1 well-born, honourable, noble See Topics: Frequency count


QUEEN

Ay, to be murdered by his enemies.


PRINCE

When I return with victory from the field,
field (n.) 1 field of battle, battleground, field of combat See Topics: Frequency count

I'll see your grace; till then I'll follow her.


QUEEN

Come, son, away; we may not linger thus.

Exeunt Queen and Prince


KING

Poor Queen! How love to me and to her son

Hath made her break out into terms of rage!
term (n.) 1 word, expression, utterance

Revenged may she be on that hateful Duke,

Whose haughty spirit, winged with desire,
winged (adj.) impelled, incited, raised up [as if in flight]

Will cost my crown, and like an empty eagle
cost (v.) involve the loss of, deprive one of
empty (adj.) 1 famished, hungry, having an empty stomach

Tire on the flesh of me and of my son!
tire (v.) 1 feed greedily, prey ravenously

The loss of those three lords torments my heart;

I'll write unto them and entreat them fair.
entreat, intreat (v.) 4 treat, handle, deal with
fair (adv.) 1 kindly, encouragingly, courteously

Come, cousin, you shall be the messenger.


EXETER

And I, I hope, shall reconcile them all.

Flourish. Exeunt

 
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