Julius Caesar


Text
Act I
Act II
Act III
Act IV
Act V
Enter Brutus and later goes into the pulpit, and

Cassius, with the Plebeians


PLEBEIANS

We will be satisfied: let us be satisfied.
pulpit (n.) public speaking place, platform, rostrum
satisfy (v.) 1 provide with information, reassure, convince


BRUTUS

Then follow me, and give me audience, friends.
audience (n.) 1 hearing, attention, reception See Topics: Attention signals

Cassius, go you into the other street,

And part the numbers.
part (v.) 2 divide, share, split up

Those that will hear me speak, let 'em stay here;

Those that will follow Cassius, go with him;

And public reasons shall be rendered

Of Caesar's death.


FIRST PLEBEIAN

                         I will hear Brutus speak.


SECOND PLEBEIAN

I will hear Cassius, and compare their reasons,

When severally we hear them rendered.
severally (adv.) separately, individually See Topics: Stage directions

Exit Cassius, with some of the Plebeians


THIRD PLEBEIAN

The noble Brutus is ascended. Silence!


BRUTUS

Be patient till the last.
last (n.) 1 last part, end

Romans, countrymen, and lovers, hear me for my cause,
lover (n.) companion, comrade, dear friend

and be silent, that you may hear. Believe me for mine

honour, and have respect to mine honour, that you may

believe. Censure me in your wisdom, and awake your
censure (v.) 1 judge, think of, give an opinion of [not involving blame]

senses, that you may the better judge. If there be any in
sense (n.) 5 mind, power of reason, wits

this assembly, any dear friend of Caesar's, to him I say

that Brutus' love to Caesar was no less than his. If then

that friend demand why Brutus rose against Caesar, this

is my answer: not that I loved Caesar less, but that I

loved Rome more. Had you rather Caesar were living,

and die all slaves, than that Caesar were dead, to live

all free men? As Caesar loved me, I weep for him; as

he was fortunate, I rejoice at it; as he was valiant, I

honour him; but, as he was ambitious, I slew him.

There is tears for his love; joy for his fortune; honour

for his valour; and death for his ambition. Who is here

so base that would be a bondman? If any, speak; for
base (adj.) 2 low-born, lowly, plebeian, of lower rank See Topics: Frequency count
bondman (n.) bondsman, serf, slave

him have I offended. Who is here so rude that would
rude (adj.) 4 uncivilized, uncultivated, unrefined

not be a Roman? If any, speak; for him have I offended.

Who is here so vile that will not love his country?
vile, vild (adj.) 3 shameful, contemptible, wretched

If any, speak; for him have I offended. I pause for a

reply.


ALL

None, Brutus, none.


BRUTUS

Then none have I offended. I have done no more

to Caesar than you shall do to Brutus. The question of
question (n.) 7 source [of strife], cause, issue

his death is enrolled in the Capitol; his glory not extenuated,
enrol (v.) record, register, legally enter
extenuate (v.) mitigate, lessen, tone down

wherein he was worthy; nor his offences enforced,
enforce (v.) 1 emphasize, urge, lay stress upon

for which he suffered death.

Enter Mark Antony and others, with Caesar's body

Here comes his body, mourned by Mark Antony, who,

though he had no hand in his death, shall receive the

benefit of his dying, a place in the commonwealth, as
commonweal, commonwealth (n.) state, nation, community, body politic
place (n.) 1 position, post, office, rank See Topics: Frequency count

which of you shall not? With this I depart, that, as I

slew my best lover for the good of Rome, I have the
lover (n.) companion, comrade, dear friend

same dagger for myself, when it shall please my country

to need my death.


ALL

Live, Brutus! live, live!


FIRST PLEBEIAN

Bring him with triumph home unto his house.
bring (v.) 1 accompany, conduct, escort


SECOND PLEBEIAN

Give him a statue with his ancestors.


THIRD PLEBEIAN

Let him be Caesar.


FOURTH PLEBEIAN

                         Caesar's better parts

Shall be crowned in Brutus.


FIRST PLEBEIAN

We'll bring him to his house with shouts and clamours.


BRUTUS

My countrymen –


SECOND PLEBEIAN

                         Peace! Silence! Brutus speaks.


FIRST PLEBEIAN

Peace, ho!


BRUTUS

Good countrymen, let me depart alone,

And, for my sake, stay here with Antony.

Do grace to Caesar's corpse, and grace his speech
grace (n.) 1 honour, favour, recognition, respect
grace (v.) 1 favour, add merit to, do honour to

Tending to Caesar's glories, which Mark Antony,
tend (v.) 5 relate, refer, be relevant

By our permission, is allowed to make.

I do entreat you, not a man depart,

Save I alone, till Antony have spoke.

Exit


FIRST PLEBEIAN

Stay, ho! and let us hear Mark Antony.


THIRD PLEBEIAN

Let him go up into the public chair;
chair (n.) 3 place of authority

We'll hear him. Noble Antony, go up.


ANTONY

For Brutus' sake, I am beholding to you.
beholding (adj.) beholden, obliged, indebted


FOURTH PLEBEIAN

What does he say of Brutus?


THIRD PLEBEIAN

                         He says, for Brutus' sake

He finds himself beholding to us all.


FOURTH PLEBEIAN

'Twere best he speak no harm of Brutus here!


FIRST PLEBEIAN

This Caesar was a tyrant.


THIRD PLEBEIAN

                         Nay, that's certain.

We are blest that Rome is rid of him.


SECOND PLEBEIAN

Peace! let us hear what Antony can say.


ANTONY

You gentle Romans –
gentle (adj.) 2 courteous, friendly, kind


SECOND PLEBEIAN

                         Peace, ho! let us hear him.


ANTONY

Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears;
lend (v.) give, grant, bestow [on]

I come to bury Caesar, not to praise him.

The evil that men do lives after them,
oft (adv.) often See Topics: Frequency count

The good is oft interred with their bones;

So let it be with Caesar. The noble Brutus

Hath told you Caesar was ambitious.

If it were so, it was a grievous fault,

And grievously hath Caesar answered it.
answer (v.) 4 suffer the consequences [for], be accountable [for]
grievously (adv.) 2 seriously, greatly

Here, under leave of Brutus and the rest –

For Brutus is an honourable man;

So are they all, all honourable men –

Come I to speak in Caesar's funeral.

He was my friend, faithful and just to me;
just (adj.) 5 honourable, loyal, faithful

But Brutus says he was ambitious,

And Brutus is an honourable man.

He hath brought many captives home to Rome,

Whose ransoms did the general coffers fill:

Did this in Caesar seem ambitious?

When that the poor have cried, Caesar hath wept;

Ambition should be made of sterner stuff:

Yet Brutus says he was ambitious,

And Brutus is an honourable man.

You all did see that on the Lupercal

I thrice presented him a kingly crown,

Which he did thrice refuse. Was this ambition?

Yet Brutus says he was ambitious,

And sure he is an honourable man.

I speak not to disprove what Brutus spoke,

But here I am to speak what I do know.

You all did love him once, not without cause;

What cause withholds you then to mourn for him?

O judgement! thou art fled to brutish beasts,

And men have lost their reason. Bear with me;

My heart is in the coffin there with Caesar,

And I must pause till it come back to me.


FIRST PLEBEIAN

Methinks there is much reason in his sayings.
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.) it seems /seemed to me See Topics: Frequency count


SECOND PLEBEIAN

If thou consider rightly of the matter,

Caesar has had great wrong.


THIRD PLEBEIAN

                         Has he, masters?

I fear there will a worse come in his place.


FOURTH PLEBEIAN

Marked ye his words? He would not take the crown;
mark (v.) 1 note, pay attention [to], take notice [of] See Topics: Frequency count

Therefore 'tis certain he was not ambitious.


FIRST PLEBEIAN

If it be found so, some will dear abide it.
abide (v.) 6 pay the penalty for, suffer for, take the consequences of


SECOND PLEBEIAN

Poor soul! His eyes are red as fire with weeping.


THIRS PLEBEIAN

There's not a nobler man in Rome than Antony.


FOURTH PLEBEIAN

Now mark him; he begins again to speak.
mark (v.) 1 note, pay attention [to], take notice [of] See Topics: Frequency count


ANTONY

But yesterday the word of Caesar might

Have stood against the world; now lies he there,

And none so poor to do him reverence.
reverence, do pay homage, worship, show respect [to]

O masters! If I were disposed to stir

Your hearts and minds to mutiny and rage,
mutiny (n.) 1 riot, civil disturbance, state of discord

I should do Brutus wrong, and Cassius wrong,

Who, you all know, are honourable men.

I will not do them wrong; I rather choose

To wrong the dead, to wrong myself and you,

Than I will wrong such honourable men.

But here's a parchment with the seal of Caesar;

I found it in his closet; 'tis his will.
closet (n.) 1 private chamber, study, own room
closet (n.) 2 private repository for valuables, cabinet

Let but the commons hear this testament,
common (n.) 1 (people) common people, ordinary citizens
testament (n.) will, last will and testament

Which, pardon me, I do not mean to read,

And they would go and kiss dead Caesar's wounds,

And dip their napkins in his sacred blood,
napkin (n.) 1 handkerchief

Yea, beg a hair of him for memory,

And, dying, mention it within their wills,

Bequeathing it as a rich legacy

Unto their issue.
issue (n.) 1 child(ren), offspring, family, descendant See Topics: Frequency count


FOURTH PLEBEIAN

We'll hear the will. Read it, Mark Antony.


ALL

The will, the will! We will hear Caesar's will!


ANTONY

Have patience, gentle friends; I must not read it.
gentle (adj.) 2 courteous, friendly, kind

It is not meet you know how Caesar loved you.
meet (adj.) 1 fit, suitable, right, proper See Topics: Frequency count

You are not wood, you are not stones, but men;

And being men, Hearing the will of Caesar,

It will inflame you, it will make you mad.

'Tis good you know not that you are his heirs;

For if you should, O, what would come of it?


FOURTH PLEBEIAN

Read the will! We'll hear it, Antony!

You shall read us the will, Caesar's will!


ANTONY

Will you be patient? will you stay awhile?
stay (v.) 2 linger, tarry, delay

I have o'ershot myself to tell you of it.
overshoot (v.) 1 [miss a target by shooting too high] go astray in aim, wide of the mark

I fear I wrong the honourable men

Whose daggers have stabbed Caesar; I do fear it.


FOURTH PLEBEIAN

They were traitors. Honourable men!


ALL

The will! The testament!


SECOND PLEBEIAN

They were villains, murderers! The

will! Read the will!


ANTONY

You will compel me then to read the will?

Then make a ring about the corpse of Caesar,

And let me show you him that made the will.

Shall I descend? And will you give me leave?


ALL

Come down.

Antony comes down from the pulpit


SECOND PLEBEIAN

Descend.


THIRD PLEBEIAN

You shall have leave.


FOURTH PLEBEIAN

A ring! Stand round.


FIRST PLEBEIAN

Stand from the hearse! Stand from the body!


SECOND PLEBEIAN

Room for Antony, most noble Antony!


ANTONY

Nay, press not so upon me; stand far off.
far (adj.) farther, more distant


ALL

Stand back! Room! Bear back!
bear back (v.) move back, go back


ANTONY

If you have tears, prepare to shed them now.

You all do know this mantle. I remember
mantle (n.) 1 loose sleeveless cloak See Topics: Clothing

The first time ever Caesar put it on;

'Twas on a summer's evening in his tent,

That day he overcame the Nervii.

Look, in this place ran Cassius' dagger through;

See what a rent the envious Casca made;
envious (adj.) malicious, spiteful, vindictive, full of enmity See Topics: Frequency count

Through this, the well-beloved Brutus stabbed,

And as he plucked his cursed steel away,
steel (n.) 2 weapon of steel, sword

Mark how the blood of Caesar followed it,
mark (v.) 1 note, pay attention [to], take notice [of] See Topics: Frequency count

As rushing out of doors, to be resolved
resolve (v.) 2 satisfy, free from doubt

If Brutus so unkindly knocked or no;
unkindly (adv.) cruelly, harshly; also: unnaturally

For Brutus, as you know, was Caesar's angel.
angel (n.) 2 ministering spirit, person who can perform a helpful office

Judge, O you gods, how dearly Caesar loved him!

This was the most unkindest cut of all;

For when the noble Caesar saw him stab,

Ingratitude, more strong than traitors' arms,

Quite vanquished him: then burst his mighty heart;

And in his mantle muffling up his face,

Even at the base of Pompey's statue,
base (n.) 3 pedestal

Which all the while ran blood, great Caesar fell.

O, what a fall was there, my countrymen!

Then I, and you, and all of us fell down,

Whilst bloody treason flourished over us.

O, now you weep, and I perceive you feel

The dint of pity. These are gracious drops.
dint (n.) 1 impression, force, mark

Kind souls, what weep you when you but behold

Our Caesar's vesture wounded? Look you here,
vesture (n.) garment, clothing, garb, costume

Here is himself, marred, as you see, with traitors.
mar (v.) ruin, harm, injure, damage

Antony plucks off the mantle


FIRST PLEBEIAN

O piteous spectacle!


SECOND PLEBEIAN

O noble Caesar!


THIRD PLEBEIAN

O woeful day!


FOURTH PLEBEIAN

O traitors! villains!


FIRST PLEBEIAN

O most bloody sight!


SECOND PLEBEIAN

We will be revenged.


ALL

Revenge! About! Seek! Burn! Fire! Kill! Slay! Let
about (adv.) 1 about your business, into action

not a traitor live.


ANTONY

Stay, countrymen.


FIRST PLEBEIAN

Peace there! Hear the noble Antony!


SECOND PLEBEIAN

We'll hear him, we'll follow him,

we'll die with him.


ANTONY

Good friends, sweet friends, let me not stir you up

To such a sudden flood of mutiny.
mutiny (n.) 1 riot, civil disturbance, state of discord

They that have done this deed are honourable.

What private griefs they have, alas, I know not,
grief (n.) 1 grievance, complaint, hurt, injury
private (adj.) 1 personal, individual, particular

That made them do it. They are wise and honourable,

And will, no doubt, with reasons answer you.

I come not, friends, to steal away your hearts;

I am no orator, as Brutus is,

But, as you know me all, a plain blunt man,

That love my friend; and that they know full well

That gave me public leave to speak of him.

For I have neither wit, nor words, nor worth,
wit (n.) 2 mental sharpness, acumen, quickness, ingenuity See Topics: Frequency count
worth (n.) 3 rank, standing, dignity

Action, nor utterance, nor the power of speech
action (n.) 8 movement, demeanour, gesture

To stir men's blood; I only speak right on.
right on straight out, without art

I tell you that which you yourselves do know,

Show you sweet Caesar's wounds, poor poor dumb mouths,

And bid them speak for me. But were I Brutus,

And Brutus Antony, there were an Antony

Would ruffle up your spirits, and put a tongue
ruffle up (v.) stir to anger, enrage

In every wound of Caesar that should move

The stones of Rome to rise and mutiny.


ALL

We'll mutiny.


FIRST PLEBEIAN

                         We'll burn the house of Brutus.


THIRD PLEBEIAN

Away then! Come, seek the conspirators.


ANTONY

Yet hear me, countrymen; yet hear me speak.


ALL

Peace, ho! Hear Antony, most noble Antony!


ANTONY

Why, friends, you go to do you know not what.

Wherein hath Caesar thus deserved your loves?

Alas, you know not! I must tell you then:

You have forgot the will I told you of.


ALL

Most true. The will! Let's stay and hear the will.


ANTONY

Here is the will, and under Caesar's seal.

To every Roman citizen he gives,

To every several man, seventy-five drachmas.
several (adj.) 1 separate, different, distinct See Topics: Frequency count


SECOND PLEBEIAN

Most noble Caesar! We'll revenge his death.


THIRD PLEBEIAN

O royal Caesar!
royal (adj.) 3 generous, munificent, bountiful


ANTONY

Hear me with patience.


ALL

Peace, ho!


ANTONY

Moreover, he hath left you all his walks,
walk (n.) 1 garden path, walkway

His private arbours, and new-planted orchards,

On this side Tiber; he hath left them you,

And to your heirs for ever: common pleasures,
common (adj.) 6 public, open, outdoor
pleasure (n.) 5 pleasure ground, park

To walk abroad and recreate yourselves.
recreate (v.) refresh, restore, enjoy

Here was a Caesar! When comes such another?


FIRST PLEBEIAN

Never, never! Come, away, away!

We'll burn his body in the holy place,

And with the brands fire the traitors' houses.

Take up the body.


SECOND PLEBEIAN

Go fetch fire.


THIRD PLEBEIAN

Pluck down benches.
pluck down (v.) 1 tear loose, pull apart


FOURTH PLEBEIAN

Pluck down forms, windows,
form (n.) 11 bench
window (n.) 1 shutter

anything.

Exeunt Plebeians with the body


ANTONY

Now let it work. Mischief, thou art afoot,

Take thou what course thou wilt.

Enter Servant
course (n.) 1 course of action, way of proceeding See Topics: Frequency count

                         How now, fellow?


SERVANT

Sir, Octavius is already come to Rome.


ANTONY

Where is he?


SERVANT

He and Lepidus are at Caesar's house.


ANTONY

And thither will I straight to visit him.
straight (adv.) straightaway, immediately, at once See Topics: Frequency count

He comes upon a wish. Fortune is merry,

And in this mood will give us anything.


SERVANT

I heard him say Brutus and Cassius

Are rid like madmen through the gates of Rome.


ANTONY

Belike they had some notice of the people,
belike (adv.) probably, presumably, perhaps, so it seems See Topics: Frequency count
notice (n.) 1 information, intelligence, notification

How I had moved them. Bring me to Octavius.

Exeunt

 
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