The Passionate Pilgrim

When my love swears that she is made of truth,
I do believe her, though I know she lies,
That she might think me some untutored youth,
untutored (adj.) badly brought up, untaught, inexperienced
Unskilful in the world's false forgeries.
false (adj.) 1 treacherous, traitorous, perfidious
forgery (n.) 1 fictitious account, invention, fabrication
Thus vainly thinking that she thinks me young,
Although I know my years be past the best,
I smiling credit her false-speaking tongue,
Outfacing faults in love with love's ill rest.
ill (adj.) 3 poor, inadequate, miserable
outface (v.) 1 defy, intimidate, overcome by confronting
But wherefore says my love that she is young?
And wherefore say not I that I am old?
O, love's best habit is a soothing tongue,
habit (n.) 1 dress, clothing, costume
soothing (adj.) flattering, sweet-talking
And age, in love loves not to have years told.
tell (v.) 1 count out, number, itemize
Therefore I'll lie with love, and love with me,
Since that our faults in love thus smothered be.
Two loves I have, of comfort and despair,
That like two spirits do suggest me still;
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually
suggest (v.) 1 tempt, prompt, incite
My better angel is a man right fair,
My worser spirit a woman coloured ill.
ill (adv.) 1 badly, adversely, unfavourably
To win me soon to hell, my female evil
Tempteth my better angel from my side,
And would corrupt my saint to be a devil,
Wooing his purity with her fair pride.
And whether that my angel be turned fiend,
Suspect I may, yet not directly tell;
directly (adv.) 4 exactly, rightly, entirely
For being both to me, both to each friend,
I guess one angel in another's hell.
The truth I shall not know, but live in doubt,
Till my bad angel fire my good one out.
fire hence / out (v.) drive away by fire
Did not the heavenly rhetoric of thine eye,
'Gainst whom the world could not hold argument,
Persuade my heart to this false perjury?
false (adj.) 1 treacherous, traitorous, perfidious
Vows for thee broke deserve not punishment.
A woman I forswore; but I will prove,
Thou being a goddess, I forswore not thee:
My vow was earthly, thou a heavenly love;
Thy grace being gained cures all disgrace in me.
My vow was breath, and breath a vapour is;
Then, thou fair sun, that on this earth doth shine,
Exhal'st this vapour vow; in thee it is:
If broken, then it is no fault of mine.
If by me broke, what fool is not so wise
To break an oath, to win a paradise?
Sweet Cytherea, sitting by a brook
With young Adonis, lovely, fresh and green,
green (adj.) 2 youthful, inexperienced, immature
Did court the lad with many a lovely look,
lovely (adj.) loving, amorous
Such looks as none could look but beauty's queen.
She told him stories to delight his ear;
She showed him favors to allure his eye;
To win his heart, she touched him here and there;
Touches so soft still conquer chastity.
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually
But whether unripe years did want conceit,
conceit (n.) 3 understanding, intelligence, apprehension
unripe (adj.) immature, youthful, inexperienced
want (v.) 3 fall short [of], be deficient [in]
Or he refused to take her figured proffer,
figured (adj.) 2 signalled, indicated by gestures
proffer (n.) 1 offer, proposal, proposition
take (v.) 5 take in, comprehend, understand
The tender nibbler would not touch the bait,
But smile and jest at every gentle offer:
gentle (adj.) 2 courteous, friendly, kind
Then fell she on her back, fair queen, and toward:
toward (adj.) 1 docile, compliant, obliging
He rose and ran away – ah, fool too froward.
froward (adj.) 1 perverse, obstinate, wilful, ungovernable
If love make me forsworn, how shall I swear to love?
forswear (v), past forms forsworn, forswore 1 swear falsely, perjure [oneself], break one's word
O never faith could hold, if not to beauty vowed:
Though to myself forsworn, to thee I'll constant prove;
Those thoughts, to me like oaks, to thee like osiers bowed.
osier (n.) willow
Study his bias leaves, and makes his book thine eyes,
Where all those pleasures live that art can comprehend.
If knowledge be the mark, to know thee shall suffice;
Well learned is that tongue that well can thee commend:
commend (v.) 4 praise, admire, extol
All ignorant that soul that sees thee without wonder;
Which is to me some praise, that I thy parts admire.
part (n.) 1 quality, attribute, gift, accomplishment [of mind or body]
Thine eye Jove's lightning seems, thy voice his dreadful thunder,
Which, not to anger bent, is music and sweet fire.
Celestial as thou art, O do not love that wrong,
To sing heaven's praise with such an earthly tongue.
Scarce had the sun dried up the dewy morn,
morn (n.) morning, dawn
And scarce the herd gone to the hedge for shade,
When Cytherea, all in love forlorn,
A longing tarriance for Adonis made
tarriance (n.) 2 waiting, abiding
Under an osier growing by a brook,
osier (n.) willow
A brook where Adon used to cool his spleen:
spleen (n.) 1 temper, spirit, passion [part of the body seen as the source of both gloomy and mirthful emotions]
Hot was the day; she hotter that did look
For his approach, that often there had been.
Anon he comes, and throws his mantle by,
anon (adv.) 1 soon, shortly, presently
And stood stark naked on the brook's green brim:
The sun looked on the world with glorious eye,
Yet not so wistly as this queen on him.
wistly (adv.) intently, attentively, earnestly
He, spying her, bounced in whereas he stood.
bounce (v.) move with a sudden bound
‘ O Jove,’ quoth she, ‘ why was not I a flood!’
Fair is my love, but not so fair as fickle;
Mild as a dove, but neither true nor trusty;
Brighter than glass, and yet, as glass is, brittle;
Softer than wax, and yet as iron rusty;
A lily pale, with damask dye to grace her;
damask (adj./n.) light-red, pink [colour of the damask rose]
None fairer, nor none falser to deface her.
false (adj.) 2 disloyal, faithless, inconstant, unfaithful
Her lips to mine how often hath she joined,
Between each kiss her oaths of true love swearing!
How many tales to please me hath she coined,
Dreading my love, the loss thereof still fearing!
dread (v.) fear, anticipate in fear, be anxious about
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually
Yet in the midst of all her pure protestings,
Her faith, her oaths, her tears, and all were jestings.
She burnt with love, as straw with fire flameth;
She burnt out love, as soon as straw out-burneth;
outburn (v.) burn away, incinerate, be consumed
She framed the love, and yet she foiled the framing;
foil (v.) 3 frustrate, baulk, disappoint
frame (v.) 1 fashion, make, form, create
She bade love last, and yet she fell a-turning.
Was this a lover, or a lecher whether?
Bad in the best, though excellent in neither.
By Richard Barnfield
If music and sweet poetry agree,
As they must needs, the sister and the brother,
Then must the love be great 'twixt thee and me,
Because thou lov'st the one and I the other.
Dowland to thee is dear, whose heavenly touch
Upon the lute doth ravish human sense;
Spenser to me, whose deep conceit is such
conceit (n.) 1 imagination, fancy, wit
As, passing all conceit, needs no defence.
conceit (n.) 3 understanding, intelligence, apprehension
Thou lov'st to hear the sweet melodious sound
That Phoebus' lute, the queen of music, makes;
And I in deep delight am chiefly drowned
When as himself to singing he betakes.
betake (v.) 2 resort, have recourse, commit oneself
One god is god of both, as poets feign;
One knight loves both, and both in thee remain.
Fair was the morn when the fair queen of love,
morn (n.) morning, dawn
[Second line missing]
Paler for sorrow than her milk-white dove,
For Adon's sake, a youngster proud and wild;
Her stand she takes upon a steep-up hill;
steep-up (adj.) precipitous, virtually perpendicular, sudden
Anon Adonis comes with horn and hounds;
anon (adv.) 1 soon, shortly, presently
She, silly queen, with more than love's good will,
silly (adj.) 3 foolish, stupid, ludicrous
Forbade the boy he should not pass those grounds.
ground (n.) 7 valley, area of low-lying countrsyide
‘ Once,’ quoth she, ‘ did I see a fair sweet youth
Here in these brakes deep-wounded with a boar,
brake (n.) 1 bush, thicket
Deep in the thigh, a spectacle of ruth!
See, in my thigh,’ quoth she, ‘ here was the sore.’
She showed hers: he saw more wounds than one,
And blushing fled, and left her all alone.
Sweet rose, fair flower, untimely plucked, soon vaded,
vaded (adj.) faded, made pale, with lost brightness
Plucked in the bud, and vaded in the spring;
Bright orient pearl, alack, too timely shaded,
orient (adj.) 1 lustrous, brilliant, bright
timely (adv.) 2 early, prematurely
Fair creature, killed too soon by death's sharp sting;
Like a green plum that hangs upon a tree,
And falls through wind before the fall should be.
I weep for thee and yet no cause I have;
For why thou leftst me nothing in thy will.
And yet thou leftst me more than I did crave,
For why I craved nothing of thee still:
crave (v.) 1 beg, entreat, request
O yes, dear friend, I pardon crave of thee,
Thy discontent thou didst bequeath to me.
By Bartholomew Griffin
Venus, with young Adonis sitting by her
Under a myrtle shade, began to woo him:
She told the youngling how god Mars did try her,
try (v.) 6 try for, aim at, aspire to
youngling (n.) 1 stripling, youngster, beginner
And as he fell to her, so fell she to him.
‘ Even thus,’ quoth she, ‘ the warlike god embraced me,’
And then she clipped Adonis in her arms;
clip (v.) 1 embrace, clasp, hug
‘Even thus,' quoth she, ‘the warlike god unlaced me,'
As if the boy should use like loving charms;
‘ Even thus,’ quoth she, ‘ he seized on my lips,’
And with her lips on his did act the seizure:
And as she fetched breath, away he skips,
And would not take her meaning nor her pleasure.
take (v.) 5 take in, comprehend, understand
Ah, that I had my lady at this bay,
bay (n.) 1 [hunting] last stand, point of capture
To kiss and clip me till I run away!
Crabbed age and youth cannot live together:
crabbed (adj.) 2 irritable, churlish, bad-tempered
Youth is full of pleasance, Age is full of care;
pleasance (n.) pleasure, delight, gratification
Youth like summer morn, Age like winter weather;
morn (n.) morning, dawn
Youth like summer brave, Age like winter bare.
brave (adj.) 1 fine, excellent, splendid, impressive
Youth is full of sport, Age's breath is short;
sport (n.) 2 exercise, athletic pastime
Youth is nimble, Age is lame;
Youth is hot and bold, Age is weak and cold;
Youth is wild and Age is tame.
Age, I do abhor thee; Youth, I do adore thee;
O, my love, my love is young!
Age, I do defy thee. O, sweet shepherd, hie thee,
defy (v.) 1 reject, despise, disdain, renounce
hie (v.) hasten, hurry, speed
For methinks thou stays too long.
methinks(t), methought(s) (v.) it seems /seemed to me
Beauty is but a vain and doubtful good,
A shining gloss that vadeth suddenly,
vade (v.) fade, pass away, disappear
A flower that dies when first it 'gins to bud,
gin, 'gin (v.) begin [to]
A brittle glass that's broken presently;
presently (adv.) 1 immediately, instantly, at once
A doubtful good, a gloss, a glass, a flower,
glass (n.) 1 mirror, looking-glass
Lost, vaded, broken, dead within an hour.
And as goods lost are seld or never found,
seld (adv.) seldom, rarely
As vaded gloss no rubbing will refresh,
vaded (adj.) faded, made pale, with lost brightness
As flowers dead lie withered on the ground,
As broken glass no cement can redress:
redress (v.) repair, remedy, put right
So beauty blemished once, for ever lost,
In spite of physic, painting, pain and cost.
physic (n.) 1 medicine, healing, treatment
Good night, good rest: ah, neither be my share;
She bade good night that kept my rest away;
And daffed me to a cabin hanged with care,
cabin (n.) 1 small room, hut, shelter
daff (v.), past form daft 2 put off, deflect, sidetrack
hanged (adj.) decorated with hangings, furnished with tapestries
To descant on the doubts of my decay.
decay (n.) 1 destruction, downfall, ending
descant (v.) 1 develop a theme about, comment, make remarks
doubt (n.) 1 suspicion, apprehension
‘ Farewell,’ quoth she, ‘ and come again to-morrow;’
Fare well I could not, for I supped with sorrow.
fare (v.) 1 get on, manage, do, cope
sup (v.) 1 have supper
Yet at my parting sweetly did she smile,
In scorn or friendship nill I conster whether;
conster (v.) 2 construe, interpret, read
nill (v.) will not
'T may be, she joyed to jest at my exile,
'T may be, again to make me wander thither:
‘ Wander, ’ a word for shadows like myself,
As take the pain, but cannot pluck the pelf.
pelf (n.) 2 treasure, booty, spoil
Lord, how mine eyes throw gazes to the east!
My heart doth charge the watch; the morning rise
charge (v.) 2 entreat, exhort, enjoin
watch (n.) 5 dial, clock face
Doth cite each moving sense from idle rest.
cite (v.) 1 urge, call on, arouse, summon
Not daring trust the office of mine eyes,
office (n.) 2 role, position, place, function
While Philomela sits and sings, I sit and mark,
mark (v.) 1 note, pay attention [to], take notice [of]
And wish her lays were tunèd like the lark;
lay (n.) 1 song
For she doth welcome daylight with her ditty,
And drives away dark dreaming night.
The night so packed, I post unto my pretty;
post (v.) 1 hasten, speed, ride fast
Heart hath his hope and eyes their wished sight;
wished (adj.) longed-for, desired
Sorrow changed to solace and solace mixed with sorrow,
For why she sighed and bade me come to-morrow.
Were I with her, the night would post too soon,
post (v.) 3 be over, rush past
But now are minutes added to the hours;
To spite me now, each minute seems a moon;
Yet not for me, shine sun to succour flowers!
Pack night, peep day; good day, of night now borrow:
pack (v.) 1 take [oneself] off, be off, depart
peep (v.) 1 appear, show one's face
Short night, to-night, and length thyself tomorrow.
length (v.) lengthen, prolong
short (v.) 2 shorten
It was a lording's daughter, the fairest one of three,
lording (n.) 1 young lord, young gentleman
That liked of her master as well as well might be,
master (n.) 1 teacher, school-master
Till looking on an Englishman, the fairest that eye could see,
Her fancy fell a-turning.
Long was the combat doubtful that love with love did fight,
To leave the master loveless, or kill the gallant knight;
To put in practice either, alas, it was a spite
Unto the silly damsel!
But one must be refused; more mickle was the pain
mickle (adj.) great, much, large
That nothing could be used to turn them both to gain,
For of the two the trusty knight was wounded with disdain:
Alas, she could not help it!
Thus art with arms contending was victor of the day,
Which by a gift of learning did bear the maid away:
Then, lullaby, the learned man hath got the lady gay;
For now my song is ended.
On a day, alack the day!
Love, whose month was ever May,
Spied a blossom passing fair,
Playing in the wanton air.
wanton (adj.) 2 casual, gentle
Through the velvet leaves the wind
All unseen 'gan passage find,
That the lover, sick to death,
Wished himself the heaven's breath.
‘ Air,’ quoth he, ‘ thy cheeks may blow;
Air, would I might triumph so!
But, alas! my hand hath sworn
Ne'er to pluck thee from thy thorn;
Vow, alack! for youth unmeet,
unmeet (adj.) 1 unfitting, unsuitable, improper
Youth, so apt to pluck a sweet.
apt (adj.) 1 fit, ready, prepared
Thou for whom Jove would swear
Juno but an Ethiope were;
Ethiop, Ethiope (adj./n.) Ethiopian, African, person with a dark countenance
And deny himself for Jove,
Turning mortal for thy love.’
My flocks feed not, my ewes breed not,
My rams speed not, all is amiss;
speed (v.) 1 meet with success, prosper, flourish
Love is dying, faith's defying,
defy (v.) 1 reject, despise, disdain, renounce
Heart's denying, causer of this.
All my merry jigs are quite forgot,
All my lady's love is lost, God wot;
wot (v.) 1 learn, know, be told
Where her faith was firmly fixed in love,
There a nay is placed without remove.
nay (n.) denial, refusal, rejection
remove (n.) 2 exchange, switch, substitution
One silly cross wrought all my loss;
O frowning Fortune, cursed fickle dame!
Or now I see inconstancy
More in women than in men remain.
In black mourn I, all fears scorn I,
Love hath forlorn me, living in thrall:
Heart is bleeding, all help needing,
O cruel speeding, fraughted with gall.
fraught (v.) burden, weigh down, encumber
gall (n.) 1 bile [reputed for its bitterness]
speeding (n.) 2 lot, fortune
My shepherd's pipe can sound no deal;
deal (n.) amount, quantity
My wether's bell rings doleful knell;
wether (n.) sheep, ram
My curtal dog that wont to have played,
curtal (adj.) with a docked tail; common, household
wont (v.) be accustomed, used [to], be in the habit of
Plays not at all, but seems afraid;
My sighs so deep procures to weep,
procure (v.) 1 bring, induce, make come
In howling wise, to see my doleful plight.
How sighs resound through heartless ground,
Like a thousand vanquished men in bloody fight!
Clear wells spring not, sweet birds sing not,
Green plants bring not forth their dye;
Herds stand weeping, flocks all sleeping,
Nymphs back peeping fearfully.
peep (v.) 1 appear, show one's face
All our pleasure known to us poor swains,
swain (n.) 2 rustic, country person, shepherd
All our merry meetings on the plains,
All our evening sport from us is fled,
sport (n.) 1 recreation, amusement, entertainment
All our love is lost, for Love is dead.
Farewell, sweet lass, thy like ne'er was
For a sweet content, the cause of all my moan:
content (n.) 1 pleasure, satisfaction, happiness
Poor Corydon must live alone;
Other help for him I see that there is none.
When as thine eye hath chose the dame,
And stalled the deer that thou shouldst strike,
stall (v.) 4 [hunting] bring to a stand, come within range of
Let reason rule things worthy blame,
As well as fancy's partial might;
fancy (n.) 1 love, amorousness, infatuation
Take counsel of some wiser head,
Neither too young nor yet unwed.
And when thou com'st thy tale to tell,
Smooth not thy tongue with filèd talk,
filed (adj.) refined, smooth, polished
Lest she some subtle practice smell –
practice (n.) 1 scheme, plot, stratagem, intrigue
A cripple soon can find a halt –
But plainly say thou lov'st her well,
And set thy person forth to sell.
And to her will frame all thy ways;
frame (v.) 2 adapt, adjust, shape, accommodate
Spare not to spend, and chiefly there
Where thy desert may merit praise,
By ringing in thy lady's ear:
The strongest castle, tower and town,
The golden bullet beats it down.
Serve always with assurèd trust,
And in thy suit be humble true;
suit (n.) 2 wooing, courtship
Unless thy lady prove unjust,
unjust (adj.) 2 unfaithful, false [to honour]
Press never thou to choose a new:
When time shall serve, be thou not slack
To proffer, though she put thee back.
proffer (v.) 1 make a proposal, put oneself forward
What though her frowning brows be bent,
bent (adj.) 4 frowning, angry, glowering
brow (n.) 3 eyebrow
Her cloudy looks will calm ere night,
And then too late she will repent
That thus dissembled her delight;
dissemble (v.) 1 disguise, cloak, give a deceptive appearance to
And twice desire, ere it be day,
That which with scorn she put away.
What though she strive to try her strength,
And ban and brawl, and say thee nay,
ban (v.) 1 curse, damn, revile
Her feeble force will yield at length,
When craft hath taught her thus to say:
‘ Had women been so strong as men,
In faith, you had not had it then,’
The wiles and guiles that women work,
Dissembled with an outward show,
dissemble (v.) 1 disguise, cloak, give a deceptive appearance to
The tricks and toys that in them lurk,
toy (n.) 1 whim, caprice, trifling matter
The cock that treads them shall not know.
Have you not heard it said full oft,
A woman's nay doth stand for nought?
Think women still to strive with men,
still (adv.) 1 constantly, always, continually
To sin and never for to saint:
saint (v.) be saintly, play the saint
There is no heaven; by holy then,
When time with age shall them attaint.
attaint (v.) 1 affect, touch, strike
Ere kisses all the joys in bed,
One woman would another wed.
But, soft, enough, too much I fear,
Lest that my mistress hear my song;
She will not stick to round me on th' ear,
round (v.) 4 whisper, murmur, speak privately
stick (v.) 7 hesitate, linger, think twice
To teach my tongue to be so long,
Yet will she blush, here be it said,
To hear her secrets so bewrayed.
bewray (v.) 1 betray, reveal, expose
By Christopher Marlowe
Live with me, and be my love,
And we will all the pleasures prove
That hills and valleys, dales and fields,
And all the craggy mountains yield.
There will we sit upon the rocks,
And see the shepherds feed their flocks,
By shallow rivers, by whose falls
Melodious birds sing madrigals.
madrigal (n.) song, pleasant tune
There will I make thee a bed of roses,
With a thousand fragrant posies,
A cap of flowers, and a kirtle
kirtle (n.) dress, gown
Embroider'd all with leaves of myrtle.
A belt of straw and ivy buds,
With coral clasps and amber studs;
And if these pleasures may thee move,
Then live with me and be my love.
By Walter Ralegh: Love's Answer
If that the world and love were young,
And truth in every shepherd's tongue,
These pretty pleasures might me move
To live with thee and be thy love.
By Richard Barnfield
As it fell upon a day
In the merry month of May,
Sitting in a pleasant shade
Which a grove of myrtles made,
Beasts did leap and birds did sing,
Trees did grow and plants did spring;
Every thing did banish moan,
moan (n.) 1 grief, lamentation, sorrow, complaint
Save the nightingale alone:
She, poor bird, as all forlorn,
Leaned her breast up-till a thorn,
up-till (prep.) up against
And there sung the dolefull'st ditty,
That to hear it was great pity:
‘ Fie, fie, fie,’ now would she cry;
‘ Tereu, Tereu!’ by and by;
by and by (adv.) 1 immediately, straightaway, directly
That to hear her so complain,
Scarce I could from tears refrain;
For her griefs so lively shown
Made me think upon mine own.
Ah, thought I, thou mourn'st in vain!
None takes pity on thy pain:
Senseless trees they cannot hear thee;
senseless (adj.) 1 lacking human sensation, incapable of feeling
Ruthless beasts they will not cheer thee:
King Pandion he is dead;
All thy friends are lapped in lead;
lap (v.) wrap, swathe, enfold, clad
All thy fellow birds do sing,
Careless of thy sorrowing.
Whilst as fickle Fortune smiled,
Thou and I were both beguiled.
beguile (v.) 1 cheat, deceive, trick
Every one that flatters thee
Is no friend in misery.
Words are easy, like the wind;
Faithful friends are hard to find:
Every man will be thy friend
Whilst thou hast wherewith to spend;
But if store of crowns be scant,
scant (v.) 4 deprive, deny, dispossess
want (n.) 1 lack, shortage, dearth
No man will supply thy want.
If that one be prodigal,
Bountiful they will him call,
And with such-like flattering,
‘ Pity but he were a king;’
If he be addict to vice,
Quickly him they will entice;
If to women he be bent,
They have at commandment.
commandment, commandement (n.) 1 command, instruction, order
But if Fortune once do frown,
Then farewell his great renown;
They that fawned on him before
Use his company no more.
He that is thy friend indeed,
He will help thee in thy need:
If thou sorrow, he will weep;
If thou wake, he cannot sleep;
Thus of every grief in heart
He with thee doth bear a part.
These are certain signs to know
Faithful friend from flatt'ring foe.