Act I
Act II
Act IV
Act V
Alarum within.

Enter King Duncan, Malcolm, Donalbain, Lennox,

with Attendants, meeting a bleeding Captain


What bloody man is that? He can report,

As seemeth by his plight, of the revolt

The newest state.
sergeant (n.) 2 officer [in an army]


                         This is the sergeant

Who like a good and hardy soldier fought

'Gainst my captivity. Hail, brave friend!
brave (adj.) 2 noble, worthy, excellent

Say to the King the knowledge of the broil
broil (n.) 1 turmoil, confused fighting, battle

As thou didst leave it.


                         Doubtful it stood,

As two spent swimmers, that do cling together

And choke their art. The merciless Macdonwald –
choke (v.) 1 smother, suffocate, stifle

Worthy to be a rebel, for to that

The multiplying villainies of nature

Do swarm upon him – from the Western Isles

Of kerns and gallowglasses is supplied,
galloglass, gallowglass (n.) axe-wielding Irish soldier
kern (n.) lightly armed Irish foot-soldier
supply (v.) 3 reinforce, support, strengthen

And fortune on his damned quarrel smiling

Showed like a rebel's whore. But all's too weak:

For brave Macbeth – well he deserves that name –
brave (adj.) 2 noble, worthy, excellent

Disdaining fortune, with his brandished steel,

Which smoked with bloody execution,
execution (n.) 4 killing, slaying, slaughter
smoke (v.) 2 give off steam [i.e. blood]

Like valour's minion carved out his passage
minion (n.) 1 darling, favourite, select one

Till he faced the slave –

Which ne'er shook hands nor bade farewell to him

Till he unseamed him from the nave to the chops,
nave (n.) 2 navel
unseam (v.) split in two, rip up, undo the seam of

And fixed his head upon our battlements.


O valiant cousin! Worthy gentleman!


As, whence the sun 'gins his reflection,
gin, 'gin (v.) begin [to]
reflection (n.) return, turning back, retrogression [at the spring equinox]

Shipwracking storms and direful thunders;
direful (adj.) dreadful, terrible, frightful
shipwracking (adj.) causing shipwreck

So, from that spring whence comfort seemed to come,

Discomfort swells. Mark, King of Scotland, mark!
discomfort (n.) 2 discouragement, loss of heart
mark (v.) 1 note, pay attention [to], take notice [of] See Topics: Frequency count

No sooner justice had, with valour armed,

Compelled these skipping kerns to trust their heels
kern (n.) lightly armed Irish foot-soldier
skipping (adj.) 2 runaway, fugitive; or: lightly armed

But the Norweyan lord, surveying vantage,
Norweyan (adj.) Norwegian
survey (v.) 1 see, note, perceive
vantage (n.) 1 right moment, suitable opportunity

With furbished arms and new supplies of men,
furbished (adj.) gleaming, shining; or: refurbished, refitted

Began a fresh assault.


                         Dismayed not this

Our captains, Macbeth and Banquo?


                         Yes –

As sparrows, eagles, or the hare, the lion.

If I say sooth I must report they were

As cannons overcharged with double cracks;
crack (n.) 4 cannon-shot, explosive charge

So they

Doubly redoubled strokes upon the foe.

Except they meant to bathe in reeking wounds

Or memorize another Golgotha,
memorize (v.) make memorable, cause to be remembered

I cannot tell.

– But I am faint; my gashes cry for help.


So well thy words become thee as thy wounds,
become (v.) 2 grace, honour, dignify See Topics: Frequency count

They smack of honour both. Go get him surgeons.

Exit Captain with Attendants

Enter Ross and Angus

Who comes here?


                         The worthy Thane of Ross.


What a haste looks through his eyes!

So should he look that seems to speak things strange.
seem (v.) 1 have the look [of], give the appearance [of]


God save the King!


Whence cam'st thou, worthy thane?


                         From Fife, great King,

Where the Norweyan banners flout the sky
flout (v.) insult, abuse, mock
Norweyan (adj.) Norwegian

And fan our people cold.

Norway himself, with terrible numbers,

Assisted by that most disloyal traitor,

The Thane of Cawdor, began a dismal conflict,

Till that Bellona's bridegroom, lapped in proof,
lap (v.) wrap, swathe, enfold, clad
proof (n.) 1 tested strength, proven power of resistance, impenetrability

Confronted him with self-comparisons,

Point against point-rebellious, arm 'gainst arm,
point (n.) 1 sword-point

Curbing his lavish spirit; and to conclude,
lavish (adj.) 2 undisciplined, impetuous, wild

The victory fell on us –


                         Great happiness!


– That now Sweno, the Norways' King,

Craves composition;
composition (n.) 3 settlement, truce, coming to terms
crave (v.) 1 beg, entreat, request See Topics: Frequency count

Nor would we deign him burial of his men

Till he disbursed at Saint Colm's Inch

Ten thousand dollars to our general use.


No more that Thane of Cawdor shall deceive

Our bosom interest. Go pronounce his present death,
bosom (adj.) intimate, confidential, close

And with his former title greet Macbeth.


I'll see it done.


What he hath lost, noble Macbeth hath won.


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