King Lear

First folio
Modern text


Key line

Kent still in the stocksstill (adv.)
ever, now [as before]
KL II.iv.1.1
Enter Lear, Foole, and Gentleman.Enter Lear, the Fool, and a Gentleman KL II.iv.1.2
Lea. LEAR 
'Tis strange that they should so depart from home,'Tis strange that they should so depart from home KL II.iv.1
And not send backe my Messengers.And not send back my messengers. KL II.iv.2.1
As I learn'd,As I learned, KL II.iv.2.2
The night before,there was no purpose in themThe night before there was no purpose in thempurpose (n.)
intention, aim, plan
KL II.iv.3
Of this remoue.Of this remove.remove (n.)

old form: remoue
change of residence, departure
KL II.iv.4.1
Kent. KENT 
Haile to thee Noble Master.Hail to thee, noble master! KL II.iv.4.2
Lear. LEAR 
Ha?Ha! KL II.iv.5
Mak'st thou this shame ahy pastime?Makest thou this shame thy pastime? KL II.iv.6.1
Kent. KENT 
No my Lord.No, my lord. KL II.iv.6.2
Foole. FOOL 
Hah, ha, he weares Cruell Garters Horses are tide byHa, ha! He wears cruel garters. Horses are tied bycrewel (adj.)

old form: Cruell
[Q variant] made of a thin coloured worsted yarn
KL II.iv.7
the heads, Dogges and Beares by'th'necke, Monkies by'th'the heads, dogs and bears by the neck, monkeys by the KL II.iv.8
loynes, and Men by'th'legs: when a man ouerlustie atloins, and men by the legs. When a man's overlusty atoverlusty , over-lusty (adj.)

old form: ouerlustie
too vigorous, over-active
KL II.iv.9
legs, then he weares wodden nether-stocks.legs, then he wears wooden nether-stocks.nether-stock (n.)
stocking for the lower leg
KL II.iv.10
Lear. LEAR 
What's he, / That hath so much thy place mistookeWhat's he that hath so much thy place mistookplace (n.)
position, post, office, rank
KL II.iv.11
To set thee heere?To set thee here? KL II.iv.12.1
Kent. KENT 
It is both he and she,It is both he and she; KL II.iv.12.2
Your Son, and Daughter.Your son and daughter. KL II.iv.13
Lear. LEAR 
No.No. KL II.iv.14
Kent. KENT 
Yes.Yes. KL II.iv.15
Lear. LEAR 
No I say.No, I say. KL II.iv.16
Kent. KENT 
I say yea.I say yea. KL II.iv.17
No, no, they would not. KL II.iv.18
Yes, they have. KL II.iv.19
Lear. LEAR 
By Iupiter I sweare no.By Jupiter, I swear no!Jupiter, Jove (n.)
Roman supreme god; associated with the heavens and the weather, especially thunder and lightning; husband of Juno
KL II.iv.20
Kent. KENT 
By Iuno, I sweare I.By Juno, I swear ay!Juno (n.)
Roman supreme goddess, wife of Jupiter, associated with the Moon, childbirth, marriage, and female identity
KL II.iv.21.1
Lear. LEAR 
They durst not do't:They durst not do't; KL II.iv.21.2
They could not, would not do't: 'tis worse then murther,They could not, would not do't; 'tis worse than murder KL II.iv.22
To do vpon respect such violent outrage:To do upon respect such violent outrage.respect, upon

old form: vpon
with consideration, deliberately
KL II.iv.23
Resolue me with all modest haste, which wayResolve me with all modest haste which waymodest (adj.)
moderate, reasonable, mild, limited
KL II.iv.24
resolve (v.)

old form: Resolue
inform, tell
Thou might'st deserue, or they impose this vsage,Thou mightst deserve or they impose this usage, KL II.iv.25
Comming from vs.Coming from us. KL II.iv.26.1
Kent. KENT 
My Lord, when at their homeMy lord, when at their home KL II.iv.26.2
I did commend your Highnesse Letters to them,I did commend your highness' letters to them,commend (v.)
present, introduce, bring [for favourable acceptance]
KL II.iv.27
Ere I was risen from the place, that shewedEre I was risen from the place that showed KL II.iv.28
My dutie kneeling, came there a reeking Poste,My duty kneeling, came there a reeking post,post (n.)

old form: Poste
express messenger, courier
KL II.iv.29
reeking (adj.)
sweaty, heated, perspiring
Stew'd in his haste, halfe breathlesse, painting forthStewed in his haste, half breathless, panting forthstewed (adj.)

old form: Stew'd
drenched, soaked, steeped
KL II.iv.30
From Gonerill his Mistris, salutations;From Gonerill his mistress salutations; KL II.iv.31
Deliuer'd Letters spight of intermission,Delivered letters, spite of intermission,intermission (n.)
interruption; or: pausing
KL II.iv.32
Which presently they read; on those contentsWhich presently they read; on whose contentspresently (adv.)
immediately, instantly, at once
KL II.iv.33
They summon'd vp their meiney, straight tooke Horse,They summoned up their meiny, straight took horse,meiny (n.)

old form: meiney
household retinue, followers
KL II.iv.34
straight (adv.)
straightaway, immediately, at once
Commanded me to follow, and attendCommanded me to follow and attendattend (v.)
await, wait for, expect
KL II.iv.35
The leisure of their answer, gaue me cold lookes,The leisure of their answer, gave me cold looks; KL II.iv.36
And meeting heere the other Messenger,And meeting here the other messenger, KL II.iv.37
Whose welcome I perceiu'd had poison'd mine,Whose welcome I perceived had poisoned mine –  KL II.iv.38
Being the very fellow which of lateBeing the very fellow which of latelate, of
recently, a little while ago
KL II.iv.39
Displaid so sawcily against your Highnesse,Displayed so saucily against your highness – saucily (adv.)

old form: sawcily
presumptuously, cheekily, impudently
KL II.iv.40
display (v.)

old form: Displaid
act, behave, carry on
Hauing more man then wit about me, drew;Having more man than wit about me, (n.)
manliness, courage, valour
KL II.iv.41
wit (n.)
intelligence, wisdom, good sense, mental ability
He rais'd the house, with loud and coward cries,He raised the house with loud and coward cries. KL II.iv.42
Your Sonne and Daughter found this trespasse worthYour son and daughter found this trespass worth KL II.iv.43
The shame which heere it suffers.The shame which here it suffers.suffer (v.)
undergo, sustain, endure
KL II.iv.44
Foole. FOOL 
Winters not gon yet, if the wil'd Geese fly that way,Winter's not gone yet if the wild geese fly that way. KL II.iv.45
Fathers that weare rags,Fathers that wear rags KL II.iv.46
do make their Children blind,Do make their children blind, KL II.iv.47
But Fathers that beare bags,But fathers that bear bagsbag (n.)
money-bag, purse
KL II.iv.48
shall see their children kind.Shall see their children kind. KL II.iv.49
Fortune that arrant whore,Fortune, that arrant whore,Fortune (n.)
Roman goddess, shown as a woman at a spinning-wheel, or controlling a rudder, and as blind
KL II.iv.50
arrant (adj.)
downright, absolute, unmitigated
nere turns the key to th'poore.Ne'er turns the key to the poor. KL II.iv.51
But for all this thou shalt haue as many Dolors for thyBut for all this thou shalt have as many dolours for thydolour (n.)

old form: Dolors
sorrow, grief, lamentation
KL II.iv.52
Daughters, as thou canst tell in a yeare.daughters as thou canst tell in a year.tell (v.)
count out, number, itemize
KL II.iv.53
tell (v.)
communicate, make known
Lear. LEAR 
Oh how this Mother swels vp toward my heart!O, how this mother swells up toward my heart! KL II.iv.54
Historica passio, downe thou climing sorrow,Hysterica passio, down, thou climbing sorrow!hysterica passio

old form: Historica
[Latin: hysterical passion] hysteria
KL II.iv.55
Thy Elements below where is this Daughter?Thy element's below. Where is this daughter?element (n.)
place, sphere, station
KL II.iv.56
Kent. KENT 
Wirh the Earle Sir, here within.With the Earl, sir, here within. KL II.iv.57
Lear. LEAR 
Follow me not, stay here. Follow me not; stay here. KL II.iv.58
Exit.Exit KL II.iv.58
Made you no more offence, / But what you speake of?Made you no more offence but what you speak of? KL II.iv.59
Kent. KENT 
None:None. KL II.iv.60
How chance the the King comes with so small a number?How chance the King comes with so small a number?chance (v.)
happen [to], transpire, come about
KL II.iv.61
Foole. FOOL 
And thou hadst beene set i'th'Stockes for that question,And thou hadst been set i'the stocks for that question, KL II.iv.62
thoud'st well deseru'd it.thou'dst well deserved it. KL II.iv.63
Kent. KENT 
Why Foole?Why, Fool? KL II.iv.64
Foole. FOOL 
Wee'l set thee to schoole to an Ant, to teach theeWe'll set thee to school to an ant to teach thee KL II.iv.65
ther's no labouring i'th'winter. All that follow theirthere's no labouring i'the winter. All that follow their KL II.iv.66
noses, are led by their eyes, but blinde men, and there'snoses are led by their eyes, but blind men; and there's KL II.iv.67
not a nose among twenty, but can smell him that's not a nose among twenty but can smell him that's KL II.iv.68
stinking; let go thy hold, when a great wheele runs downestinking. Let go thy hold when a great wheel runs down KL II.iv.69
a hill, least it breake thy necke with following. But the greata hill, lest it break thy neck with following. But the great KL II.iv.70
one that goes vpward, let him draw thee after: when aone that goes upward, let him draw thee after. When a KL II.iv.71
wiseman giues thee better counsell giue me mine againe,wise man gives thee better counsel, give me mine again; KL II.iv.72
I would hause none but knaues follow it, since a Foole giues it.I would ha' none but knaves use it, since a fool gives it.knave (n.)

old form: knaues
scoundrel, rascal, rogue
KL II.iv.73
That Sir, which serues and seekes for gaine,That sir which serves and seeks for gain,sir (n.)
man, person, individual
KL II.iv.74
And followes but for forme;And follows but for form,form (n.)

old form: forme
physical appearance, outward appearance
KL II.iv.75
Will packe, when it begins to raine,Will pack when it begins to rain,pack (v.)

old form: packe
take [oneself] off, be off, depart
KL II.iv.76
And leaue thee in the storme,And leave thee in the storm; KL II.iv.77
But I will tarry, the Foole will stay,But I will tarry, the fool will stay, KL II.iv.78
And let the wiseman flie:And let the wise man fly. KL II.iv.79
The knaue turnes Foole that runnes away,The knave turns fool that runs away; KL II.iv.80
The Foole no knaue perdie.• Enter Lear, and Gloster:The fool no knave, perdy.perdie, perdy (int.)
[French 'par Dieu'] by God
KL II.iv.81
Kent. KENT 
Where learn'd you this Foole?Where learned you this, Fool? KL II.iv.82
Foole. FOOL 
Not i'th'Stocks Foole.Not i'the stocks, fool. KL II.iv.83
Enter Lear and Gloucester KL II.iv.84.1
Lear. LEAR 
Deny to speake with me? / They are sicke, they are weary,Deny to speak with me? They are sick; they are weary?deny (v.)
refuse, decline, scorn
KL II.iv.84
They haue trauail'd all the night? meere fetches,They have travelled all the night? Mere fetches,mere (adj.)

old form: meere
complete, total, absolute, utter
KL II.iv.85
fetch (n.)
dodge, stratagem, contrivance
The images of reuolt and flying off.The images of revolt and flying-off.image (n.)
embodiment, instance, form
KL II.iv.86
flying-off (n.)

old form: flying off
desertion, defection, forsaking
Fetch me a better answer.Fetch me a better answer. KL II.iv.87.1
My deere Lord,My dear lord, KL II.iv.87.2
You know the fiery quality of the Duke,You know the fiery quality of the Duke,quality (n.)
nature, disposition, character
KL II.iv.88
How vnremoueable and fixt he isHow unremovable and fixed he isunremovable (adj.)

old form: vnremoueable
immovable, firm, constant
KL II.iv.89
In his owne course.In his own course.course (n.)
course of action, way of proceeding
KL II.iv.90.1
Lear. LEAR 
Vengeance, Plague, Death, Confusion:Vengeance, plague, death, confusion!confusion (n.)
destruction, overthrow, ruin
KL II.iv.90.2
Fiery? What quality? Why Gloster, Gloster,‘ Fiery ’? What ‘ quality ’? Why, Gloucester, Gloucester, KL II.iv.91
I'ld speake with the Duke of Cornewall, and his wife.I'd speak with the Duke of Cornwall and his wife. KL II.iv.92
Well my good Lord, I haue inform'd them so.Well, my good lord, I have informed them so. KL II.iv.93
Lear. LEAR 
Inform'd them? Do'st thou vnderstand me man.‘ Informed them ’! Dost thou understand me, man? KL II.iv.94
I my good Lord.Ay, my good lord. KL II.iv.95
Lear. LEAR 
The King would speake with Cornwall, / The deere FatherThe King would speak with Cornwall, the dear father KL II.iv.96
Would with his Daughter speake, commands, tends, seruice,Would with his daughter speak, commands, tends, service.tend (v.)
await, wait in expectation
KL II.iv.97
Are they inform'd of this? My breath and blood:Are they ‘ informed ’ of this? My breath and blood! KL II.iv.98
Fiery? The fiery Duke, tell the hot Duke that----‘ Fiery ’? The ‘ fiery ’ Duke? Tell the hot Duke that – hot (adj.)
hot-tempered, angry, passionate
KL II.iv.99
No, but not yet, may be he is not well,No, but not yet! Maybe he is not well. KL II.iv.100
Infirmity doth still neglect all office,Infirmity doth still neglect all officeoffice (n.)
task, service, duty, responsibility
KL II.iv.101
still (adv.)
constantly, always, continually
Whereto our health is bound, we are not our selues,Whereto our health is bound; we are not ourselves KL II.iv.102
When Nature being opprest, commands the mindWhen nature, being oppressed, commands the mindnature (n.)
natural powers, normal state [of mind and body]
KL II.iv.103
To suffer with the body; Ile forbeare,To suffer with the body. I'll forbear;forbear (v.)

old form: forbeare
control oneself, have patience [for]
KL II.iv.104
And am fallen out with my more headier will,And am fallen out with my more headier willheady (adj.)
reckless, headstrong, impulsive
KL II.iv.105
To take the indispos'd and sickly fit,To take the indisposed and sickly fit KL II.iv.106
For the sound man. Death on my state: whereforeFor the sound man. – Death on my state! wherefore KL II.iv.107
Should he sit heere? This act perswades me,Should he sit here? This act persuades me KL II.iv.108
That this remotion of the Duke and herThat this remotion of the Duke and herremotion (n.)
removal, departure; or: remoteness
KL II.iv.109
Is practise only. Giue me my Seruant forth;Is practice only. Give me my servant forth.practice (n.)

old form: practise
scheme, plot, stratagem, intrigue
KL II.iv.110
Goe tell the Duke, and's wife, Il'd speake with them:Go tell the Duke and's wife I'd speak with them –  KL II.iv.111
Now, presently: bid them come forth and heare me,Now presently! Bid them come forth and hear me,presently (adv.)
immediately, instantly, at once
KL II.iv.112
Or at their Chamber doore Ile beate the Drum,Or at their chamber door I'll beat the drum KL II.iv.113
Till it crie sleepe to death.Till it cry sleep to death. KL II.iv.114
I would haue all well betwixt you. I would have all well betwixt you. KL II.iv.115
Exit.Exit KL II.iv.115
Lear. LEAR 
Oh me my heart! My rising heart! But downe.O me, my heart, my rising heart! But down! KL II.iv.116
Foole. FOOL 
Cry to it Nunckle, as the Cockney did to the Eeles,Cry to it, nuncle, as the cockney did to the eelscockney (n.)
squeamish woman, pampered lady
KL II.iv.117
when she put 'em i'th'Paste aliue, she knapt 'emwhen she put 'em i'the paste alive. She knapped 'empaste (n.)
pastry, doughy mixture
KL II.iv.118
knap (v.)

old form: knapt
hit, knock, rap
o'th'coxcombs with a sticke, and cryed downe wantons,o'the coxcombs with a stick and cried ‘ Down, wantons,wanton (n.)
wilful creature, obstinate individual
KL II.iv.119
coxcomb (n.)
downe; 'twas her Brother, that in pure kindnesse to hisdown!’ 'Twas her brother that in pure kindness to his KL II.iv.120
Horse buttered his buttered his hay.butter (v.)
spread butter on
KL II.iv.121
Enter Cornewall, Regan, Gloster, Seruants.Enter Cornwall, Regan, Gloucester, and servants KL II.iv.122.0
Lear. LEAR 
Good morrow to you both.Good morrow to you both.morrow (n.)
KL II.iv.122.1
Haile to your Grace. Hail to your grace. KL II.iv.122.2
Kent here set at liberty.Kent is here set at liberty KL II.iv.123
I am glad to see your Highnesse.I am glad to see your highness. KL II.iv.123
Lear. LEAR 
Regan, I thinke your are. I know what reasonRegan, I think you are. I know what reason KL II.iv.124
I haue to thinke so, if thou should'st not be glad,I have to think so. If thou shouldst not be glad, KL II.iv.125
I would diuorce me from thy Mother Tombe,I would divorce me from thy mother's tomb, KL II.iv.126
Sepulchring an Adultresse. O are you free?Sepulchring an adult'ress. (To Kent) O, are you free?sepulchre (v.)
serve as a burial-place for
KL II.iv.127
Some other time for that. Beloued Regan,Some other time for that. – Beloved Regan, KL II.iv.128
Thy Sisters naught: oh Regan, she hath tiedThy sister's naught. O Regan, she hath tiednaught, nought (adj.)
improper, offensive, naughty
KL II.iv.129
Sharpe-tooth'd vnkindnesse, like a vulture heere,Sharp-toothed unkindness like a vulture here –  KL II.iv.130
(laying his hand on his heart) KL II.iv.131
I can scarce speake to thee, thou'lt not beleeueI can scarce speak to thee – thou'lt not believe KL II.iv.131
With how deprau'd a quality. Oh Regan.With how depraved a quality – O Regan!quality (n.)
nature, disposition, character
KL II.iv.132
I pray you Sir, take patience, I haue hopeI pray you, sir, take patience. I have hope KL II.iv.133
You lesse know how to value her desert,You less know how to value her desertdesert, desart (n.)
worthy deed, meritorious action
KL II.iv.134
Then she to scant her dutie.Than she to scant her duty.scant (v.)
neglect, stint, withhold
KL II.iv.135.1
Lear. LEAR 
Say? How is that?Say? How is that? KL II.iv.135.2
I cannot thinke my Sister in the leastI cannot think my sister in the least KL II.iv.136
Would faile her Obligation. If Sir perchanceWould fail her obligation. If, sir, perchance,perchance (adv.)
perhaps, maybe
KL II.iv.137
She haue restrained the Riots of your Followres,She have restrained the riots of your followers, KL II.iv.138
'Tis on such ground, and to such wholesome end,'Tis on such ground and to such wholesome endwholesome (adj.)
reasonable, sensible, rational
KL II.iv.139
As cleeres her from all blame.As clears her from all blame. KL II.iv.140
Lear. LEAR 
My curses on her.My curses on her. KL II.iv.141.1
O Sir, you are old,O sir, you are old. KL II.iv.141.2
Nature in you stands on the very VergeNature in you stands on the very vergenature (n.)
human nature
KL II.iv.142
Of his confine: you should be rul'd, and ledOf his confine. You should be ruled and ledconfine (n.)
limit, bound, domain
KL II.iv.143
By some discretion, that discernes your stateBy some discretion that discerns your statestate (n.)
condition, circumstances, situation, state of affairs
KL II.iv.144
Better then you your selfe: therefore I pray you,Better than you yourself. Therefore I pray you KL II.iv.145
That to our Sister, you do make returne,That to our sister you do make return. KL II.iv.146
Say you haue wrong'd her.Say you have wronged her. KL II.iv.147.1
Lear. LEAR 
Aske her forgiuenesse?Ask her forgiveness? KL II.iv.147.2
Do you but marke how this becomes the house?Do you but mark how this becomes the house:mark (v.)

old form: marke
note, pay attention [to], take notice [of]
KL II.iv.148
become (v.)
grace, honour, dignify
(he kneels) KL II.iv.149
Deere daughter, I confesse that I am old;‘ Dear daughter, I confess that I am old; KL II.iv.149
Age is vnnecessary: on my knees I begge,Age is unnecessary; on my knees I beg KL II.iv.150
That you'l vouchsafe me Rayment, Bed, and Food.That you'll vouchsafe me raiment, bed, and food.’raiment (n.)

old form: Rayment
clothing, clothes, dress
KL II.iv.151
Good Sir, no more: these are vnsightly trickes:Good sir, no more! These are unsightly tricks. KL II.iv.152
Returne you to my Sister.Return you to my sister. KL II.iv.153.1
Lear. LEAR  
(rising) KL II.iv.153
Neuer Regan:Never, Regan. KL II.iv.153.2
She hath abated me of halfe my Traine;She hath abated me of half my train,abate (v.)
deprive, strip, dispossess
KL II.iv.154
Look'd blacke vpon me, strooke me with her TongueLooked black upon me, struck me with her tongue, KL II.iv.155
Most Serpent-like, vpon the very Heart.Most serpent-like, upon the very heart. KL II.iv.156
All the stor'd Vengeances of Heauen, fallAll the stored vengeances of heaven fall KL II.iv.157
On her ingratefull top: strike her yong bonesOn her ingrateful top! Strike her young bones,ingrateful (adj.)

old form: ingratefull
ungrateful, unappreciative
KL II.iv.158
top (n.)
You taking Ayres, with Lamenesse.You taking airs, with lameness!taking (adj.)
infectious, contagious, pernicious
KL II.iv.159.1
air (n.)

old form: Ayres
vapour, mist, exhalation
Fye sir, fie.Fie, sir, fie! KL II.iv.159.2
You nimble Lightnings, dart your blinding flamesYou nimble lightnings, dart your blinding flamesdart (v.)
hurl like an arrow
KL II.iv.160
Into her scornfull eyes: Infect her Beauty,Into her scornful eyes! Infect her beauty, KL II.iv.161
You Fen-suck'd Fogges, drawne by the powrfull Sunne,You fen-sucked fogs drawn by the powerful sun,fen-sucked (adj.)

old form: Fen-suck'd
rising from marshes
KL II.iv.162
To fall, and blister.To fall and blister. KL II.iv.163.1
O the blest Gods!O the blest gods! KL II.iv.163.2
So will you wish on me, when the rash moode is on.So will you wish on me when the rash mood is on. KL II.iv.164
Lear. LEAR 
No Regan, thou shalt neuer haue my curse:No, Regan, thou shalt never have my curse. KL II.iv.165
Thy tender-hefted Nature shall not giueThy tender-hefted nature shall not givetender-hefted (adj.)
[haft = handle] set in a delicate bodily frame; tender-hearted, gentle
KL II.iv.166
Thee o're to harshnesse: Her eyes are fierce, but thineThee o'er to harshness. Her eyes are fierce; but thine KL II.iv.167
Do comfort, and not burne. 'Tis not in theeDo comfort, and not burn. 'Tis not in thee KL II.iv.168
To grudge my pleasures, to cut off my Traine,To grudge my pleasures, to cut off my train,cut off (v.)
remove, take away, reduce
KL II.iv.169
To bandy hasty words, to scant my sizes,To bandy hasty words, to scant my sizes,scant (v.)
give out sparingly, curtail, withhold [from]
KL II.iv.170
size (n.)
allowance, ration, quota
bandy (v.)
exchange, swap, send to and fro
And in conclusion, to oppose the boltAnd in conclusion, to oppose the bolt KL II.iv.171
Against my comming in. Thou better know'stAgainst my coming in. Thou better knowest KL II.iv.172
The Offices of Nature, bond of Childhood,The offices of nature, bond of childhood,childhood (n.)
filial relationship, duty owed to parents
KL II.iv.173
office (n.)
task, service, duty, responsibility
Effects of Curtesie, dues of Gratitude:Effects of courtesy, dues of gratitude.effect (n.)
sign, mark, token, manifestation
KL II.iv.174
Thy halfe o'th'Kingdome hast thou not forgot,Thy half o'the kingdom hast thou not forgot, KL II.iv.175
Wherein I thee endow'd.Wherein I thee endowed. KL II.iv.176.1
Good Sir, to'th'purpose. Good sir, to the purpose.purpose (n.)
point at issue, matter in hand
KL II.iv.176.2
Lear. LEAR 
Who put my man i'th'Stockes?Who put my man i'the stocks? KL II.iv.177.1
Tucket within.Tucket within KL II.iv.177
What Trumpet's that?What trumpet's that? KL II.iv.177.2
I know't, my Sisters: this approues her Letter,I know't – my sister's. This approves her letterapprove (v.)

old form: approues
prove, confirm, corroborate, substantiate
KL II.iv.178
That she would soone be heere.That she would soon be here. KL II.iv.179.1
Enter Steward.Enter Oswald KL II.iv.179
Is your Lady come?Is your lady come? KL II.iv.179.2
Lear. LEAR 
This is a Slaue, whose easie borrowed prideThis is a slave whose easy-borrowed pridepride (n.)
splendour, magnificence, pomp
KL II.iv.180
Dwels in the sickly grace of her he followes.Dwells in the fickle grace of her he follows.grace (n.)
favour, good will
KL II.iv.181
Out Varlet, from my sight.Out, varlet, from my sight!varlet (n.)
knave, rogue, rascal, ruffian
KL II.iv.182.1
What meanes your Grace?What means your grace? KL II.iv.182.2
Lear. LEAR 
Who stockt my Seruant? Regan, I haue good hopeWho stocked my servant? Regan, I have good hopestock (v.)

old form: stockt
put in the stocks
KL II.iv.183
Thou did'st not know on't.Thou didst not know on't. KL II.iv.184.1
Enter Gonerill.Enter Gonerill KL II.iv.184
Who comes here? O Heauens!Who comes here? O heavens! KL II.iv.184.2
If you do loue old men; if your sweet swayIf you do love old men, if your sweet swaysway (n.)
controlling influence, guiding power, direction
KL II.iv.185
Allow Obedience; if you your selues are old,Allow obedience, if you yourselves are old,allow (v.)
approve, sanction, encourage
KL II.iv.186
Make it your cause: Send downe, and take my part.Make it your cause! Send down and take my part! KL II.iv.187
(To Gonerill) KL II.iv.188
Art not asham'd to looke vpon this Beard?Art not ashamed to look upon this beard? KL II.iv.188
O Regan, will you take her by the hand?O Regan, will you take her by the hand? KL II.iv.189
Why not by'th'hand Sir? How haue I offended?Why not by th' hand, sir? How have I offended? KL II.iv.190
All's not offence that indiscretion findes,All's not offence that indiscretion finds KL II.iv.191
And dotage termes so.And dotage terms so.dotage (n.)
feebleness of mind, senility
KL II.iv.192.1
Lear. LEAR 
O sides, you are too tough!O sides, you are too tough! KL II.iv.192.2
Will you yet hold? / How came my man i'th'Stockes?Will you yet hold? – How came my man i'the stocks?hold (v.)
bear, tolerate, endure
KL II.iv.193
I set him there, Sir: but his owne DisordersI set him there, sir; but his own disorders KL II.iv.194
Deseru'd much lesse aduancement.Deserved much less advancement.advancement (n.)

old form: aduancement
preferment, elevation, progress
KL II.iv.195.1
Lear. LEAR 
You? Did you?You? Did you? KL II.iv.195.2
I pray you Father being weake, seeme so.I pray you, father, being weak, seem so. KL II.iv.196
If till the expiration of your MonethIf till the expiration of your month KL II.iv.197
You will returne and soiourne with my Sister,You will return and sojourn with my sister,sojourn (v.)

old form: soiourne
pause, reside, stay for a while
KL II.iv.198
Dismissing halfe your traine, come then to me,Dismissing half your train, come then to me. KL II.iv.199
I am now from home, and out of that prouisionI am now from home and out of that provisionprovision (n.)

old form: prouision
supply of necessities
KL II.iv.200
Which shall be needfull for your entertainement.Which shall be needful for your entertainment.entertainment (n.)

old form: entertainement
hospitality, provision for needs
KL II.iv.201
Lear. LEAR 
Returne to her? and fifty men dismiss'd?Return to her, and fifty men dismissed! KL II.iv.202
No, rather I abiure all roofes, and chuseNo, rather I abjure all roofs and chooseabjure (v.)

old form: abiure
swear to abandon, solemnly reject
KL II.iv.203
To wage against the enmity oth'ayre,To wage against the enmity o'th' air,wage (v.)
struggle, do battle, vie
KL II.iv.204
To be a Comrade with the Wolfe, and Owle,To be a comrade with the wolf and owl –  KL II.iv.205
Necessities sharpe pinch. Returne with her?Necessity's sharp pinch! Return with her?pinch (n.)
hardship, extremity, privation
KL II.iv.206
Why the hot-bloodied France, that dowerlesse tookeWhy, the hot-blooded France that dowerless tookdowerless (adj.)

old form: dowerlesse
lacking a dowry
KL II.iv.207
Our yongest borne, I could as well be broughtOur youngest born, I could as well be brought KL II.iv.208
To knee his Throne, and Squire-like pension beg,To knee his throne and, squire-like, pension begknee (v.)
kneel before, beg, supplicate
KL II.iv.209
squire-like (adv.)
like an attendant, submissively
To keepe base life a foote; returne with her?To keep base life afoot. Return with her!afoot (adv.)

old form: a foote
on the go, in existence
KL II.iv.210
base (adj.)
poor, wretched, of low quality
Perswade me rather to be slaue and sumpterPersuade me rather to be slave and sumptersumpter (n.)
pack-horse, drudge
KL II.iv.211
To this detested groome.To this detested groom.groom (n.)
fellow, character, creature
KL II.iv.212.1
He points to Oswald KL II.iv.212
At your choice Sir.At your choice, sir. KL II.iv.212.2
Lear. LEAR 
I prythee Daughter do not make me mad,I prithee, daughter, do not make me mad. KL II.iv.213
I will not trouble thee my Child; farewell:I will not trouble thee, my child. Farewell. KL II.iv.214
Wee'l no more meete, no more see one another.We'll no more meet, no more see one another. KL II.iv.215
But yet thou art my flesh, my blood, my Daughter,But yet thou art my flesh, my blood, my daughter –  KL II.iv.216
Or rather a disease that's in my flesh,Or rather a disease that's in my flesh, KL II.iv.217
Which I must needs call mine. Thou art a Byle,Which I must needs call mine. Thou art a boil,byle, bile (n.)
older forms of ‘boil’
KL II.iv.218
A plague sore, or imbossed CarbuncleA plague-sore, an embossed carbuncle,embossed (adj.)

old form: imbossed
swollen, bulging, protuberant
KL II.iv.219
carbuncle (n.)
tumour, growth, lump
In my corrupted blood. But Ile not chide thee,In my corrupted blood. But I'll not chide thee.chide (v.), past form chid
scold, rebuke, reprove
KL II.iv.220
blood (n.)
blood relationship, kinship
Let shame come when it will, I do not call it,Let shame come when it will, I do not call it. KL II.iv.221
I do not bid the Thunder-bearer shoote,I do not bid the thunder-bearer shoot,shoot (v.)

old form: shoote
send forth, throw, let fly
KL II.iv.222
Nor tell tales of thee to high-iudging Ioue,Nor tell tales of thee to high-judging Jove.high-judging (adj.)

old form: high-iudging
judging from on high
KL II.iv.223
Jove (n.)
[pron: johv] alternative name for Jupiter, the Roman supreme god
Mend when thou can'st, be better at thy leisure,Mend when thou canst, be better at thy leisure;mend (v.)
amend, improve, make better, put right
KL II.iv.224
I can be patient, I can stay with Regan,I can be patient, I can stay with Regan, KL II.iv.225
I and my hundred Knights.I and my hundred knights. KL II.iv.226.1
Not altogether so,Not altogether so. KL II.iv.226.2
I look'd not for you yet, nor am prouidedI looked not for you yet, nor am providedprovided (adj.)

old form: prouided
prepared, ready, provided with necessities
KL II.iv.227
look for (v.)

old form: look'd
expect, hope for, anticipate
For your fit welcome, giue eare Sir to my Sister,For your fit welcome. Give ear, sir, to my sister; KL II.iv.228
For those that mingle reason with your passion,For those that mingle reason with your passionpassion (n.)
passionate outburst, emotional passage
KL II.iv.229
Must be content to thinke you old, and so,Must be content to think you old, and so – content (adj.)
contented, patient, accepting, undisturbed
KL II.iv.230
But she knowes what she doe's.But she knows what she does. KL II.iv.231.1
Lear. LEAR 
Is this well spoken?Is this well spoken? KL II.iv.231.2
I dare auouch it Sir, what fifty Followers?I dare avouch it, sir. What, fifty followers?avouch (v.)

old form: auouch
declare, assert, affirm
KL II.iv.232
Is it not well? What should you need of more?Is it not well? What should you need of more? KL II.iv.233
Yea, or so many? Sith that both charge and danger,Yea, or so many, sith that both charge and dangersith that (conj.)
KL II.iv.234
charge (n.)
expense, cost, outlay
Speake 'gainst so great a number? How in one houseSpeak 'gainst so great a number? How in one house KL II.iv.235
Should many people, vnder two commandsShould many people under two commands KL II.iv.236
Hold amity? 'Tis hard, almost impossible.Hold amity? 'Tis hard, almost impossible. KL II.iv.237
Why might not you my Lord, receiue attendanceWhy might not you, my lord, receive attendanceattendance (n.)
diligent service, dutiful ministration, assiduous attention
KL II.iv.238
From those that she cals Seruants, or from mine?From those that she calls servants, or from mine? KL II.iv.239
Why not my Lord? / If then they chanc'd to slacke ye,Why not, my lord? If then they chanced to slack ye,slack (v.)

old form: slacke
neglect, be remiss [to]
KL II.iv.240
We could comptroll them; if you will come to me,We could control them. If you will come to me,control (v.)

old form: comptroll
curb, restrain, hold back
KL II.iv.241
(For now I spie a danger) I entreate youFor now I spy a danger, I entreat you KL II.iv.242
To bring but fiue and twentie, to no moreTo bring but five-and-twenty; to no more KL II.iv.243
Will I giue place or notice.Will I give place or notice.notice (n.)
recognition, official acknowledgement
KL II.iv.244
place (n.)
room, lodging, quarters
Lear. LEAR 
I gaue you all.I gave you all –  KL II.iv.245.1
And in good time you gaue it.And in good time you gave it.time, in good
at the right moment
KL II.iv.245.2
Lear. LEAR 
Made you my Guardians, my Depositaries,Made you my guardians, my depositaries;depositary (n.)
trustee, manager of affairs
KL II.iv.246
But kept a reseruation to be followedBut kept a reservation to be followed KL II.iv.247
With such a number? What, must I come to youWith such a number. What, must I come to you KL II.iv.248
With fiue and twenty? Regan, said you so?With five-and-twenty – Regan, said you so? KL II.iv.249
And speak't againe my Lord, no more with me.And speak't again, my lord. No more with me. KL II.iv.250
Lea. LEAR 
Those wicked Creatures yet do look wel fauor'dThose wicked creatures yet do look well-favouredwell-favoured (adj.)

old form: wel fauor'd
good-looking, attractive in appearance
KL II.iv.251
When others are more wicked, not being the worstWhen others are more wicked. Not being the worst KL II.iv.252
Stands in some ranke of praise, Ile go with thee,Stands in some rank of praise. (To Gonerill) I'll go with thee. KL II.iv.253
Thy fifty yet doth double fiue and twenty,Thy fifty yet doth double five-and-twenty, KL II.iv.254
And thou art twice her Loue.And thou art twice her love. KL II.iv.255.1
Heare me my Lord;Hear me, my lord; KL II.iv.255.2
What need you fiue and twenty? Ten? Or fiue?What need you five-and-twenty, ten, or five KL II.iv.256
To follow in a house, where twice so manyTo follow, in a house where twice so manyfollow (v.)
act as a follower, be an attendant [on]
KL II.iv.257
Haue a command to tend you?Have a command to tend you?tend (v.)
attend, wait on, serve
KL II.iv.258.1
What need one?What need one? KL II.iv.258.2
Lear. LEAR 
O reason not the need: our basest BeggersO, reason not the need! Our basest beggarsreason (v.)
argue rationally [about], debate the pros and cons [of]
KL II.iv.259
base (adj.)
poor, wretched, of low quality
Are in the poorest thing superfluous.Are in the poorest thing superfluous.superfluous (adj.)
having too much, over-supplied, overflowing
KL II.iv.260
Allow not Nature, more then Nature needs:Allow not nature more than nature needs – nature (n.)
human nature
KL II.iv.261
nature (n.)
natural order, ungoverned state, way of the world [often personified]
Mans life is cheape as Beastes. Thou art a Lady;Man's life is cheap as beast's. Thou art a lady; KL II.iv.262
If onely to go warme were gorgeous,If only to go warm were gorgeous, KL II.iv.263
Why Nature needs not what thou gorgeous wear'st,Why, nature needs not what thou gorgeous wear'st, KL II.iv.264
Which scarcely keepes thee warme, but for true need:Which scarcely keeps thee warm. But for true need, –  KL II.iv.265
You Heauens, giue me that patience, patience I need,You heavens, give me that patience, patience I need! KL II.iv.266
You see me heere (you Gods) a poore old man,You see me here, you gods, a poor old man, KL II.iv.267
As full of griefe as age, wretched in both,As full of grief as age, wretched in both; KL II.iv.268
If it be you that stirres these Daughters heartsIf it be you that stirs these daughters' hearts KL II.iv.269
Against their Father, foole me not so much,Against their father, fool me not so much KL II.iv.270
To beare it tamely: touch me with Noble anger,To bear it tamely; touch me with noble anger,touch (v.)
affect, move, stir
KL II.iv.271
And let not womens weapons, water drops,And let not women's weapons, water drops, KL II.iv.272
Staine my mans cheekes. No you vnnaturall Hags,Stain my man's cheeks! No, you unnatural hags, KL II.iv.273
I will haue such reuenges on you both,I will have such revenges on you both KL II.iv.274
That all the world shall---I will do such things,That all the world shall – I will do such things –  KL II.iv.275
What they are yet, I know not, but they shalbeWhat they are yet I know not; but they shall be KL II.iv.276
The terrors of the earth? you thinke Ile weepe,The terrors of the earth. You think I'll weep. KL II.iv.277
No, Ile not weepe,No, I'll not weep. KL II.iv.278
I haue full cause of weeping.I have full cause of weeping; KL II.iv.279.1
Storme and Tempest.(storm and tempest) KL II.iv.279
But this heart but this heart KL II.iv.279.2
shal break into a hundred thousand flawesShall break into a hundred thousand flawsflaw (n.)

old form: flawes
fragment, tiny piece
KL II.iv.280
Or ere Ile weepe; O Foole, I shall go mad. Or ere I'll weep. O Fool, I shall go mad! KL II.iv.281
Exeunt.Exeunt Lear, Gloucester, Kent, the Fool, and Gentleman KL II.iv.281
Let vs withdraw, 'twill be a Storme.Let us withdraw; 'twill be a storm. KL II.iv.282
This house is little, the old man an'ds people,This house is little; the old man and's people KL II.iv.283
Cannot be well bestow'd.Cannot be well bestowed.bestow (v.)

old form: bestow'd
accommodate, lodge, quarter
KL II.iv.284
'Tis his owne blame hath put himselfe from rest,'Tis his own blame; hath put himself from rest KL II.iv.285
And must needs taste his folly.And must needs taste his folly. KL II.iv.286
For his particular, Ile receiue him gladly,For his particular, I'll receive him gladly,particular (n.)
individual person, self
KL II.iv.287
But not one follower.But not one follower. KL II.iv.288.1
So am I purpos'd.So am I purposed. KL II.iv.288.2
Where is my Lord of Gloster?Where is my lord of Gloucester? KL II.iv.289
Followed the old man forth, he is return'd.Followed the old man forth. He is returned. KL II.iv.290
Enter Gloster.Enter Gloucester KL II.iv.291
The King is in high rage.The King is in high rage. KL II.iv.291.1
Whether is he going?Whither is he going? KL II.iv.291.2
He cals to Horse, but will I know not whether.He calls to horse; but will I know not whither. KL II.iv.292
'Tis best to giue him way, he leads himselfe.'Tis best to give him way. He leads himself.way (n.)
opportunity, scope
KL II.iv.293
My Lord, entreate him by no meanes to stay.My lord, entreat him by no means to stay. KL II.iv.294
Alacke the night comes on, and the high windesAlack, the night comes on and the bleak winds KL II.iv.295
Do sorely ruffle, for many Miles aboutDo sorely ruffle. For many miles aboutruffle (v.)
rage, bluster, storm
KL II.iv.296
sorely (adv.)
severely, intensely, very greatly
There's scarce a Bush.There's scarce a bush. KL II.iv.297.1
O Sir, to wilfull men,O sir, to wilful men KL II.iv.297.2
The iniuries that they themselues procure,The injuries that they themselves procure KL II.iv.298
Must be their Schoole-Masters: shut vp your doores,Must be their schoolmasters. Shut up your doors. KL II.iv.299
He is attended with a desperate traine,He is attended with a desperate train,train (n.)

old form: traine
retinue, following, entourage
KL II.iv.300
desperate (adj.)
disregarding, careless, reckless
attend (v.)
accompany, follow closely, go with
And what they may incense him too, being apt,And what they may incense him to, being aptincense (v.)
incite, urge, set on
KL II.iv.301
To haue his eare abus'd, wisedome bids feare.To have his ear abused, wisdom bids fear.abuse (v.)

old form: abus'd
deceive, mislead, fool, cheat
KL II.iv.302
Shut vp your doores my Lord, 'tis a wil'd night,Shut up your doors, my lord; 'tis a wild night. KL II.iv.303
My Regan counsels well: come out oth'storme. My Regan counsels well. Come out o'the storm. KL II.iv.304
Exeunt.Exeunt KL II.iv.304
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