King Lear

First folio
Modern text


Key line

Enter Kent, Gloucester, and Edmond.Enter Kent, Gloucester, and Edmund KL I.i.1.1
I thought the King had more affected the Duke of I thought the King had more affected the Duke ofaffect (v.)
incline to, like, favour, be drawn to
KL I.i.1
Albany, then Cornwall.Albany than Cornwall. KL I.i.2
It did alwayes seeme so to vs: But now in theIt did always seem so to us. But now in the KL I.i.3
diuision of the Kingdome, it appeares not which of thedivision of the kingdom it appears not which of the KL I.i.4
Dukes hee valewes most, for qualities are so weigh'd, thatDukes he values most, for qualities are so weighed thatquality (n.)
accomplishment, capacity, ability
KL I.i.5
curiosity in neither, can make choise of eithers moity.curiosity in neither can make choice of either's moiety.moiety (n.)

old form: moity
share, portion, part
KL I.i.6
curiosity (n.)
scrupulousness, fastidiousness, painstaking attention to detail
Kent. KENT 
Is not this your Son, my Lord?Is not this your son, my lord? KL I.i.7
His breeding Sir, hath bin at my charge.His breeding, sir, hath been at my charge.breeding (n.)
raising, upbringing
KL I.i.8
charge (n.)
expense, cost, outlay
I haue so often blush'd to acknowledge him, that now II have so often blushed to acknowledge him that now I KL I.i.9
am braz'd too' brazed to it.brass, braze (v.)

old form: braz'd
harden (like brass)
KL I.i.10
Kent. KENT 
I cannot conceiue you.I cannot conceive you.conceive (v.)

old form: conceiue
understand, comprehend, follow
KL I.i.11
Sir,this yong Fellowes mother could;Sir, this young fellow's mother could; KL I.i.12
wherevpon she grew round womb'd, and had indeedewhereupon she grew round-wombed, and had indeed, KL I.i.13
(Sir) a Sonne for her Cradle, ere she had husband for hersir, a son for her cradle ere she had a husband for her KL I.i.14
bed. Do you smell a fault?bed. Do you smell a fault?fault (n.)
sin, offence, crime
KL I.i.15
Kent. KENT 
I cannot wish the fault vndone, the issue of it, being I cannot wish the fault undone, the issue of it beingissue (n.)
child(ren), offspring, family, descendant
KL I.i.16
issue (n.)
outcome, result, consequence(s)
so proper.proper (adj.)
good-looking, handsome, comely
KL I.i.17
But I haue a Sonne, Sir, by order of Law, someBut I have a son, sir, by order of law, someorder (n.)
prescribed practice, normal procedure
KL I.i.18
yeere elder then this; who, yet is no deerer in my account,year elder than this, who yet is no dearer in my account. KL I.i.19
though this Knaue came somthing sawcily to the worldThough this knave came something saucily to the world,something (adv.)

old form: somthing
somewhat, rather
KL I.i.20
knave (n.)

old form: Knaue
boy, lad, fellow
saucily (adv.)

old form: sawcily
presumptuously, cheekily, impudently
before he was sent for: yet was his Mother fayre, therebefore he was sent for, yet was his mother fair; there KL I.i.21
was good sport at his making, and the horson must bewas good sport at his making, and the whoreson must bewhoreson (n.)

old form: horson
[son of a whore; serious or jocular term of abuse] fellow, bastard
KL I.i.22
sport (n.)
sexual recreation, intercourse, amorous dalliance
acknowledged. Doe you know this Noble Gentleman, acknowledged. Do you know this noble gentleman, KL I.i.23
Edmond?Edmund? KL I.i.24
No, my Lord.No, my lord. KL I.i.25
My Lord of Kent: / Remember him heereafter,My lord of Kent. Remember him hereafter KL I.i.26
as my Honourable my honourable friend. KL I.i.27
My seruices to your Lordship.My services to your lordship.service (n.)

old form: seruices
respect, duty, esteem
KL I.i.28
Kent. KENT 
I must loue you, and sue to know you better.I must love you and sue to know you better.sue (v.)
beg, plead, beseech
KL I.i.29
Sir, I shall study deseruing.Sir, I shall study deserving.deserving (n.)

old form: deseruing
worthiness, desert, merit
KL I.i.30
He hath bin out nine yeares, and away he He hath been out nine years, and away heout (adv.)
away from home, abroad
KL I.i.31
shall againe. The King is comming.shall again. The King is coming. KL I.i.32
Sennet. Sound a sennet. Enter one bearing a coronetcoronet (n.)
small crown [inferior to one worn by the sovereign]
KL I.i.32.1
Enter King Lear, Cornwall, Albany, Gonerill, Regan, Enter King Lear, Cornwall, Albany, Gonerill, Regan, KL I.i.32.2
Cordelia, and attendants.Cordelia, and attendants KL I.i.32.3
Lear. LEAR 
Attend the Lords of France & Burgundy,Attend the lords of France and Burgundy,attend (v.)
serve, follow, wait [on/upon]
KL I.i.33
Gloster.Gloucester KL I.i.34
I shall, my Lord. I shall, my liege.liege (n.)
lord, sovereign
KL I.i.35
Exit.Exeunt Gloucester and Edmund KL I.i.35
Lear. LEAR 
Meane time we shal expresse our darker purpose.Meantime we shall express our darker purpose.purpose (n.)
intention, aim, plan
KL I.i.36
dark (adj.)
undivulged, secret, unrevealed
Giue me the Map there. Know, that we haue diuidedGive me the map there. Know that we have divided KL I.i.37
In three our Kingdome: and 'tis our fast intent,In three our kingdom: and 'tis our fast intentintent (n.)
intention, purpose, aim
KL I.i.38
fast (adj.)
firm, fixed, definite
To shake all Cares and Businesse from our Age,To shake all cares and business from our age, KL I.i.39
Conferring them on yonger strengths, while weConferring them on younger strengths, while we KL I.i.40
Vnburthen'd crawle toward death. Our son of Cornwal,Unburdened crawl toward death. Our son of Cornwall –  KL I.i.41
And you our no lesse louing Sonne of Albany,And you, our no less loving son of Albany –  KL I.i.42
We haue this houre a constant will to publishWe have this hour a constant will to publishpublish (v.)
announce, make public, make generally known
KL I.i.43
will (n.)
intent, purpose, design
constant (adj.)
settled, resolved, decided
Our daughters seuerall Dowers, that future strifeOur daughters' several dowers, that future strifeseveral (adj.)

old form: seuerall
various, sundry, respective, individual
KL I.i.44
dower (n.)
dowry, property or wealth given with a wife
May be preuented now. The Princes, France & Burgundy,May be prevented now. The princes, France and Burgundy,prevent (v.)

old form: preuented
take steps to thwart, avoid by prompt action
KL I.i.45
Great Riuals in our yongest daughters loue,Great rivals in our youngest daughter's love,great (adj.)
valiant, noble, honourable
KL I.i.46
Long in our Court, haue made their amorous soiourne,Long in our court have made their amorous sojourn,sojourn (n.)

old form: soiourne
visit, temporary stay
KL I.i.47
And heere are to be answer'd. Tell me my daughtersAnd here are to be answered. Tell me, my daughters, KL I.i.48
(Since now we will diuest vs both of Rule,Since now we will divest us both of rule,both (adv.)
the following set [of nouns - not restricted to two]
KL I.i.49
Interest of Territory, Cares of State)Interest of territory, cares of state,interest (n.)
valid claim [on], rights of possession [to]
KL I.i.50
state (n.)
government, ruling body, administration
Which of you shall we say doth loue vs most,Which of you shall we say doth love us most, KL I.i.51
That we, our largest bountie may extendThat we our largest bounty may extendlarge (adj.)
generous, bountiful, liberal, lavish
KL I.i.52
Where Nature doth with merit challenge. Gonerill,Where nature doth with merit challenge. Gonerill, KL I.i.53
Our eldest borne, speake first.Our eldest born, speak first. KL I.i.54
Sir, I loue you more then word can weild ye matter,Sir, I love you more than word can wield the matter,wield (v.)

old form: weild
express, utter, speak
KL I.i.55
matter (n.)
significance, import, meaning
Deerer then eye-sight, space, and libertie,Dearer than eyesight, space, and liberty,space (n.)
freedom from captivity; or: possession of property
KL I.i.56
Beyond what can be valewed, rich or rare,Beyond what can be valued rich or rare, KL I.i.57
No lesse then life, with grace, health, beauty, honor:No less than life, with grace, health, beauty, honour, KL I.i.58
As much as Childe ere lou'd, or Father found.As much as child e'er loved or father found; KL I.i.59
A loue that makes breath poore, and speech vnable,A love that makes breath poor and speech unable;unable (adj.)

old form: vnable
inadequate, insufficient, incompetent
KL I.i.60
breath (n.)
utterance, speech, voice
Beyond all manner of so much I loue you.Beyond all manner of ‘ so much ’ I love you. KL I.i.61
(aside) KL I.i.62
What shall Cordelia speake? Loue, and be silent.What shall Cordelia speak? Love, and be silent. KL I.i.62
Of all these bounds euen from this Line, to this,Of all these bounds, even from this line to this,bound (n.)
territory, region, domain
KL I.i.63
With shadowie Forrests, and with Champains rich'dWith shadowy forests and with champains riched,champain, champaign (n./adj.)
expanse of open countryside
KL I.i.64
shadowy (adj.)

old form: shadowie
shady, shaded
With plenteous Riuers, and wide-skirted MeadesWith plenteous rivers and wide-skirted meads,mead (n.)

old form: Meades
KL I.i.65
wide-skirted (adj.)
with wide borders, widely spread out
We make thee Lady. To thine and Albanies issuesWe make thee lady. To thine and Albany's issuesissue (n.)
child(ren), offspring, family, descendant
KL I.i.66
Be this perpetuall. What sayes our second Daughter?Be this perpetual. – What says our second daughter, KL I.i.67
Our deerest Regan, wife of Cornwall?Our dearest Regan, wife of Cornwall? KL I.i.68
I am made of that selfe-mettle as my Sister,I am made of the self metal as my sistermettle, mettell (n.)
spirit, temperament, disposition
KL I.i.69
self (adj.)

old form: selfe
same, selfsame, identical, exact
And prize me at her worth. In my true heart,And price me at her worth. In my true heartprice (v.)

old form: prize
evaluate, value, prize
KL I.i.70
I finde she names my very deede of loue:I find she names my very deed of love;name (v.)
give particulars of, speak about, describe
KL I.i.71
deed (n.)

old form: deede
performance, action
Onely she comes too short, that I professeOnly she comes too short, that I professprofess (v.)

old form: professe
declare, avow, affirm
KL I.i.72
My selfe an enemy to all other ioyes,Myself an enemy to all other joys KL I.i.73
Which the most precious square of sense professes,Which the most precious square of sense possesses,sense (n.)
feeling, sensibility, capacity to feel
KL I.i.74
square (n.)
rule, canon; or: proper constitution, normal condition
And finde I am alone felicitateAnd find I am alone felicitatefelicitate (adj.)
made happy, joyful, ecstatic
KL I.i.75
In your deere Highnesse loue.In your dear highness' love. KL I.i.76.1
(aside) KL I.i.76
Then poore Cordelia,Then poor Cordelia! KL I.i.76.2
And yet not so, since I am sure my loue'sAnd yet not so, since I am sure my love's KL I.i.77
More ponderous then my tongue.More ponderous than my tongue.ponderous (adj.)
weighty, substantial, profound
KL I.i.78
tongue (n.)
speech, expression, language, words, voice
Lear. LEAR 
To thee, and thine hereditarie euer,To thee and thine hereditary ever KL I.i.79
Remaine this ample third of our faire Kingdome,Remain this ample third of our fair kingdom, KL I.i.80
No lesse in space, validitie, and pleasureNo less in space, validity, and pleasurevalidity (n.)

old form: validitie
value, worth, estimation
KL I.i.81
Then that conferr'd on Gonerill. Now our Ioy,Than that conferred on Gonerill. – Now, our joy, KL I.i.82
Although our last and least; to whose yong loue,Although our last and least, to whose young love KL I.i.83
The Vines of France, and Milke of Burgundie,The vines of France and milk of Burgundy KL I.i.84
Striue to be interest. What can you say, to drawStrive to be interessed; what can you say to drawinteress (v.)
admit, give a share, lay claim
KL I.i.85
draw (v.)
take up, receive, collect
A third, more opilent then your Sisters? speake.A third more opulent than your sisters'? Speak! KL I.i.86
Nothing my Lord.Nothing, my lord. KL I.i.87
Lear. LEAR 
Nothing?Nothing? KL I.i.88
Nothing.Nothing. KL I.i.89
Lear. LEAR 
Nothing will come of nothing, speake againe.Nothing will come of nothing. Speak again. KL I.i.90
Vnhappie that I am, I cannot heaueUnhappy that I am, I cannot heave KL I.i.91
My heart into my mouth: I loue your MaiestyMy heart into my mouth. I love your majesty KL I.i.92
According to my bond, no more nor lesse.According to my bond, no more nor (n.)
duty, commitment, obligation
KL I.i.93
Lear. LEAR 
How, how Cordelia? mend your speech a little,How, how, Cordelia! Mend your speech a littlemend (v.)
amend, improve, make better, put right
KL I.i.94
Least you may marre your Fortunes.Lest you may mar your fortunes.mar (v.)

old form: marre
ruin, harm, injure, damage
KL I.i.95.1
Good my Lord,Good my lord, KL I.i.95.2
You haue begot me, bred me, lou'd me.You have begot me, bred me, loved me.beget (v.), past form begot
give birth to, father, conceive
KL I.i.96
I returne those duties backe as are right fit,I return those duties back as are right fit,right (adv.)
very, altogether, properly
KL I.i.97
fit (adj.)
suited, fitting, appropriate
Obey you, Loue you, and most Honour you.Obey you, love you, and most honour you. KL I.i.98
Why haue my Sisters Husbands, if they sayWhy have my sisters husbands, if they say KL I.i.99
They loue you all? Happily when I shall wed,They love you all? Haply when I shall wed,haply (adv.)
perhaps, maybe, by chance, with luck
KL I.i.100
all (adv.)
exclusively, totally, altogether
That Lord, whose hand must take my plight, shall carryThat lord whose hand must take my plight shall carryplight (n.)
pledge, promise, marriage vow
KL I.i.101
Halfe my loue with him, halfe my Care, and Dutie,Half my love with him, half my care and duty. KL I.i.102
Sure I shall neuer marry like my Sisters.Sure I shall never marry like my sisters, KL I.i.103
To love my father all.all (adv.)
exclusively, totally, altogether
KL I.i.104
Lear. LEAR 
But goes thy heart with this?But goes thy heart with this? KL I.i.105.1
I my good Lord.Ay, my good lord. KL I.i.105.2
Lear. LEAR 
So young, and so vntender?So young, and so untender?untender (adj.)

old form: vntender
ungentle, unkind; or: unyielding
KL I.i.106
So young my Lord, and true.So young, my lord, and true.true (adj.)
constant, faithful in love
KL I.i.107
Lear. LEAR 
Let it be so, thy truth then be thy dowre:Let it be so! Thy truth then be thy dower!dower (n.)

old form: dowre
dowry, property or wealth given with a wife
KL I.i.108
For by the sacred radience of the Sunne,For by the sacred radiance of the sun, KL I.i.109
The miseries of Heccat and the night:The mysteries of Hecat and the night,Hecat, Hecate (n.)
[pron: 'hekat, 'hekatee] Greek goddess of the underworld; associated with magic, ghosts, witchcraft
KL I.i.110
By all the operation of the Orbes,By all the operation of the orbsoperation (n.)
effect, force, influence, power
KL I.i.111
orb (n.)

old form: Orbes
sphere, planet, star, heavenly body
From whom we do exist, and cease to be,From whom we do exist, and cease to be, KL I.i.112
Heere I disclaime all my Paternall care,Here I disclaim all my paternal care,disclaim (v.)

old form: disclaime
disown, repudiate, renounce [connection with]
KL I.i.113
Propinquity and property of blood,Propinquity and property of blood,propinquity (n.)
close kinship, blood relationship
KL I.i.114
blood (n.)
blood relationship, kinship
And as a stranger to my heart and me,And as a stranger to my heart and me KL I.i.115
Hold thee from this for euer. The barbarous Scythian,Hold thee from this for ever. The barbarous Scythian,Scythian
[pron: 'sithian] someone from Scythia, ancient region of E Europe; people known for pitilessness
KL I.i.116
Or he that makes his generation messesOr he that makes his generation messesmess (n.)
serving of food, dish
KL I.i.117
generation (n.)
family, progeny
To gorge his appetite, shall to my bosomeTo gorge his appetite, shall to my bosom KL I.i.118
Be as well neighbour'd, pittied, and releeu'd,Be as well neighboured, pitied, and relievedneighbour (v.)

old form: neighbour'd
be close, be well acquainted [with]
KL I.i.119
As thou my sometime Daughter.As thou my sometime daughter.sometime (adj.)
former, previous
KL I.i.120.1
Kent. KENT 
Good my Liege.Good my liege –  KL I.i.120.2
Lear. LEAR 
Peace Kent,Peace, Kent! KL I.i.121
Come not betweene the Dragon and his wrath,Come not between the dragon and his wrath. KL I.i.122
I lou'd her most, and thought to set my restI loved her most, and thought to set my restrest (n.)
[period of] peace, calm, repose
KL I.i.123
set up one's rest (n.)
[in primero] venture one's final stake, stake all
On her kind nursery. Hence and avoid my sight:On her kind nursery. (To Cordelia) Hence and avoid my sight! – nursery (n.)
nursing, loving care, ministering
KL I.i.124
So be my graue my peace, as here I giueSo be my grave my peace as here I give KL I.i.125
Her Fathers heart from her; call France, who stirres?Her father's heart from her. Call France! Who stirs?stir (v.)

old form: stirres
bestir, move, get going
KL I.i.126
Call Burgundy, Cornwall, and Albanie,Call Burgundy! Cornwall and Albany, KL I.i.127
With my two Daughters Dowres, digest the third,With my two daughters' dowers digest the third.dower (n.)

old form: Dowres
dowry, property or wealth given with a wife
KL I.i.128
digest, disgest (v.)
take in, incorporate, assimilate
Let pride, which she cals plainnesse, marry her:Let pride, which she calls plainness, marry her.plainness (n.)

old form: plainnesse
plain-speaking, openness, frankness
KL I.i.129
I doe inuest you ioyntly with my power,I do invest you jointly with my power,power (n.)
authority, government
KL I.i.130
Preheminence, and all the large effectsPre-eminence, and all the large effectseffect (n.)
sign, mark, token, manifestation
KL I.i.131
large (adj.)
generous, bountiful, liberal, lavish
That troope with Maiesty. Our selfe by Monthly course,That troop with majesty. Ourself by monthly course,troop with (v.)

old form: troope
go along with, be associated with, accompany
KL I.i.132
course (n.)
habit, custom, practise, normal procedure
With reseruation of an hundred Knights,With reservation of an hundred knights,reservation (n.)

old form: reseruation
keeping back, leaving aside
KL I.i.133
By you to be sustain'd, shall our abodeBy you to be sustained, shall our abode KL I.i.134
Make with you by due turne, onely we shall retaineMake with you by due turn. Only we shall retainonly (adv.)

old form: onely
as a sole exception, excepting
KL I.i.135
The name, and all th'addition to a King: the Sway,The name and all th' addition to a king; the sway,sway (n.)
position of authority, powerful office
KL I.i.136
addition (n.)
external honour, distinctive style
Reuennew, Execution of the rest,Revenue, execution of the rest,execution (n.)
action, performance, doing
KL I.i.137
Beloued Sonnes be yours, which to confirme,Beloved sons, be yours; which to confirm, KL I.i.138
This Coronet part betweene you.This coronet part between you.coronet (n.)
small crown [inferior to one worn by the sovereign]
KL I.i.139.1
Kent. KENT 
Royall Lear,Royal Lear, KL I.i.139.2
Whom I haue euer honor'd as my King,Whom I have ever honoured as my king, KL I.i.140
Lou'd as my Father, as my Master follow'd,Loved as my father, as my master followed, KL I.i.141
As my great Patron thought on in my praiers.As my great patron thought on in my prayers –  KL I.i.142
The bow is bent & drawne, make from the shaft.The bow is bent and drawn; make from the shaft.make from (v.)
[unclear meaning] avoid, beware; or: let go, release
KL I.i.143
Kent. KENT 
Let it fall rather, though the forke inuadeLet it fall rather, though the fork invadefork (n.)

old form: forke
barbed arrow-head
KL I.i.144
The region of my heart, be Kent vnmannerly,The region of my heart. Be Kent unmannerly KL I.i.145
When Lear is mad, what wouldest thou do old man?When Lear is mad. What wouldst thou do, old man? KL I.i.146
Think'st thou that dutie shall haue dread to speake,Think'st thou that duty shall have dread to speak KL I.i.147
When power to flattery bowes? / To plainnesse honour's bound,When power to flattery bows? To plainness honour's boundplainness (n.)

old form: plainnesse
plain-speaking, openness, frankness
KL I.i.148
power (n.)
authority, government
When Maiesty falls to folly, reserue thy state,When majesty stoops to folly. Reserve thy state,state (n.)
kingship, majesty, sovereignty
KL I.i.149
reserve (v.)

old form: reserue
preserve, retain, keep
And in thy best consideration checkeAnd in thy best consideration checkcheck (v.)

old form: checke
restrain, stop, hold back
KL I.i.150
This hideous rashnesse, answere my life, my iudgement:This hideous rashness. Answer my life my judgement,judgement (n.)

old form: iudgement
opinion, estimation, assessment
KL I.i.151
answer (v.)

old form: answere
suffer the consequences [for], be accountable [for]
Thy yongest Daughter do's not loue thee least,Thy youngest daughter does not love thee least, KL I.i.152
Nor are those empty hearted, whose low soundsNor are those empty-hearted whose low sounds KL I.i.153
Reuerbe no hollownesse.Reverb no hollowness.reverb (v.)

old form: Reuerbe
reverberate, re-echo, resound
KL I.i.154.1
hollowness (n.)

old form: hollownesse
insincerity, hypocrisy, lip-service
Lear. LEAR 
Kent, on thy life no more.Kent, on thy life, no more! KL I.i.154.2
Kent. KENT 
My life I neuer held but as pawneMy life I never held but as a pawnpawn (n.)

old form: pawne
pledge, surety, forfeit
KL I.i.155
To wage against thine enemies, nere feare to loose it,To wage against thine enemies; nor fear to lose it,wage (v.)
stake, hazard
KL I.i.156
Thy safety being motiue.Thy safety being motive. KL I.i.157.1
Lear. LEAR 
Out of my sight.Out of my sight! KL I.i.157.2
Kent. KENT 
See better Lear, and let me still remaineSee better, Lear, and let me still remainstill (adv.)
constantly, always, continually
KL I.i.158
The true blanke of thine eie.The true blank of thine eye.blank (n.)

old form: blanke
bull's-eye, target centre; or: line of sight
KL I.i.159
Kear. LEAR 
Now by Apollo,Now by ApolloApollo (n.)
Greek sun god, who pulls the sun across the sky in a horse-drawn chariot; god of prophecy [speaking through the Delphi oracle, poetry, music, archery, and healing
KL I.i.160.1
Lent. KENT 
Now by Apollo, KingNow by Apollo, King, KL I.i.160.2
Thou thy Gods in vaine.Thou swear'st thy gods in vain. KL I.i.161.1
Lear. LEAR 
O Vassall! Miscreant.O, vassal, miscreant!miscreant (n.)
unbeliever, heretic
KL I.i.161.2
vassal (n.)
servant, slave, subject
He makes to strike him KL I.i.162.1
Deare Sir forbeare.Dear sir, forbear!forbear (v.)
stop, cease, desist
KL I.i.162
Kent. KENT 
Kill thy Physition, and thy fee bestowKill thy physician and thy fee bestowbestow (v.)
give, provide, grant
KL I.i.163
Vpon the foule disease, reuoke thy guift,Upon the foul disease. Revoke thy gift,disease (n.)
mental illness, disturbance of mind
KL I.i.164
Or whil'st I can vent clamour from my throate,Or whilst I can vent clamour from my throatvent (v.)
utter, express, air, proclaim
KL I.i.165
clamor, clamour (n.)
protest, complaint, outcry
Ile tell thee thou dost euill.I'll tell thee thou dost evil. KL I.i.166.1
Lea. LEAR 
Heare me recreant, on thine allegeance heare me;Hear me, recreant,recreant (n.)
heretic, unbeliever, apostate
KL I.i.166.2
That thou hast sought to make vs breake our vowes,On thine allegiance hear me! KL I.i.167
Since thou hast sought to make us break our vow, KL I.i.168
Which we durst neuer yet; and with strain'd pride,Which we durst never yet, and with strained pridestrained (adj.)

old form: strain'd
unnatural, excessive, exorbitant
KL I.i.169
To come betwixt our sentences, and our power,To come betwixt our sentence and our power,power (n.)
exercise of power, authoritative action
KL I.i.170
sentence (n.)
pronouncement, authoritative decision
Which, nor our nature, nor our place can beare;Which nor our nature nor our place can bear,place (n.)
position, post, office, rank
KL I.i.171
Our potencie made good, take thy reward.Our potency made good, take thy reward.make good
hold, secure, make sure of
KL I.i.172
potency (n.)

old form: potencie
power, authority, command
Fiue dayes we do allot thee for prouision,Five days we do allot thee for provision KL I.i.173
To shield thee from disasters of the world,To shield thee from disasters of the world, KL I.i.174
And on the sixt to turne thy hated backeAnd on the sixth to turn thy hated back KL I.i.175
Vpon our kingdome; if on the tenth day following,Upon our kingdom. If on the tenth day following KL I.i.176
Thy banisht trunke be found in our Dominions,Thy banished trunk be found in our dominionstrunk (n.)

old form: trunke
body, form, frame
KL I.i.177
dominion (n.)
land, territory, province
The moment is thy death, away. By Iupiter,The moment is thy death. Away! By Jupiter,Jupiter, Jove (n.)
Roman supreme god; associated with the heavens and the weather, especially thunder and lightning; husband of Juno
KL I.i.178
This shall not be reuok'd,This shall not be revoked! KL I.i.179
Kent. KENT 
Fare thee well King, sith thus thou wilt appeare,Fare thee well, King, sith thus thou wilt appear,fare ... well (int.)
goodbye [to an individual]
KL I.i.180
Freedome liues hence, and banishment is here;Freedom lives hence and banishment is here. KL I.i.181
(To Cordelia) KL I.i.182
The Gods to their deere shelter take thee Maid,The gods to their dear shelter take thee, maid, KL I.i.182
That iustly think'st, and hast most rightly said:That justly think'st and hast most rightly said. KL I.i.183
(To Gonerill and Regan) KL I.i.184.1
And your large speeches,may your deeds approue,And your large speeches may your deeds approvelarge (adj.)
grandiose, impressive sounding
KL I.i.184
approve (v.)
prove, confirm, corroborate, substantiate
That good effects may spring from words of loue:That good effects may spring from words of love. – effect (n.)
result, end, outcome, fulfilment
KL I.i.185
Thus Kent, O Princes, bids you all adew,Thus Kent, O princes, bids you all adieu; KL I.i.186
Hee'l shape his old course, in a Country new. He'll shape his old course in a country new.course (n.)
course of action, way of proceeding
KL I.i.187
Exit.Exit KL I.i.187
Flourish. Enter Gloster with France, and Burgundy,Flourish. Enter Gloucester with France and Burgundy, KL I.i.188.1
Attendants.and attendants KL I.i.188.2
Heere's France and Burgundy, my Noble Lord.Here's France and Burgundy, my noble lord. KL I.i.188
Lear. LEAR 
My Lord of Bugundie,My lord of Burgundy, KL I.i.189
We first addresse toward you, who with this KingWe first address toward you, who with this kingaddress (v.)

old form: addresse
make a formal address
KL I.i.190
Hath riuald for our Daughter; what in the leastHath rivalled for our daughter: what in the leastrival (v.)

old form: riuald
act as a rival, compete
KL I.i.191
Will you require in present Dower with her,Will you require in present dower with herdower (n.)
dowry, property or wealth given with a wife
KL I.i.192
Or cease your quest of Loue?Or cease your quest of love? KL I.i.193.1
Most Royall Maiesty,Most royal majesty, KL I.i.193.2
I craue no more then hath your Highnesse offer'd,I crave no more than hath your highness offered,crave (v.)

old form: craue
beg, entreat, request
KL I.i.194
Nor will you tender lesse?Nor will you tender less.tender (v.)
offer, give, present
KL I.i.195.1
Lear. LEAR 
Right Noble Burgundy,Right noble Burgundy, KL I.i.195.2
When she was deare to vs, we did hold her so,When she was dear to us we did hold her so; KL I.i.196
But now her price is fallen: Sir, there she stands,But now her price is fallen. Sir, there she stands; KL I.i.197
If ought within that little seeming substance,If aught within that little-seeming substance,little-seeming (adj.)

old form: little seeming
[difficult meaning] of no account; or: who refuses to acknowledge appearances
KL I.i.198
aught (n.)

old form: ought
anything, [with negative word] nothing
Or all of it with our displeasure piec'd,Or all of it, with our displeasure pieced,piece (v.)

old form: piec'd
add to, join to, augment
KL I.i.199
And nothing more may fitly like your Grace,And nothing more, may fitly like your grace,like (v.)
please, suit
KL I.i.200
fitly (adv.)
justly, fittingly, aptly
Shee's there, and she is yours.She's there and she is yours. KL I.i.201.1
I know no answer.I know no answer. KL I.i.201.2
Lear. LEAR 
Will you with those infirmities she owes,Will you with those infirmities she owes,infirmity (n.)
defect, flaw, weakness
KL I.i.202
owe (v.)
own, possess, have
Vnfriended, new adopted to our hate,Unfriended, new-adopted to our hate,unfriended (adj.)

old form: Vnfriended
deprived of a friend, friendless
KL I.i.203
Dow'rd with our curse, and stranger'd with our oath,Dowered with our curse and strangered with our oath,stranger (v.)

old form: stranger'd
make a stranger to, disown, alienate
KL I.i.204
dower (v.)

old form: Dow'rd
give a dower to, endow
Take her or, leaue her.Take her or leave her? KL I.i.205.1
Pardon me Royall Sir,Pardon me, royal sir, KL I.i.205.2
Election makes not vp in such conditions.Election makes not up in such conditions.election (n.)
choice, preference
KL I.i.206
make up (v.)

old form: vp
reconcile, settle, arrange
Then leaue her sir, for by the powre that made me,Then leave her, sir, for, by the power that made me,power (n.)

old form: powre
(usually plural) god, deity, divinity
KL I.i.207
I tell you all her wealth. For you great King,I tell you all her wealth. (To France) For you, great king,tell (v.)
count out, number, itemize
KL I.i.208
tell (v.)
disclose, reveal, explain
I would not from your loue make such a stray,I would not from your love make such a stray KL I.i.209
To match you where I hate, therefore beseech youTo match you where I hate; therefore beseech you KL I.i.210
T'auert your liking a more worthier way,T' avert your liking a more worthier wayavert (v.)

old form: auert
redirect, turn away
KL I.i.211
Then on a wretch whom Nature is asham'dThan on a wretch whom Nature is ashamed KL I.i.212
Almost t'acknowledge hers.Almost t' acknowledge hers. KL I.i.213.1
This is most strange,This is most strange, KL I.i.213.2
That she whom euen but now, was your obiect,That she whom even but now was your best object, KL I.i.214
The argument of your praise, balme of your age,The argument of your praise, balm of your age,argument (n.)
subject, point, theme, target
KL I.i.215
The best, the deerest, should in this trice of timeThe best, the dearest, should in this trice of timetrice (n.)
brief period, moment, instant
KL I.i.216
Commit a thing so monstrous, to dismantleCommit a thing so monstrous to dismantledismantle (v.)
strip off, remove, take away
KL I.i.217
So many folds of fauour: sure her offenceSo many folds of favour. Sure her offencesure (adv.)
surely, assuredly, certainly
KL I.i.218
Must be of such vnnaturall degree,Must be of such unnatural degreeunnatural (adj.)

old form: vnnaturall
abnormal, monstrous, aberrant
KL I.i.219
degree (n.)
measure, extent, amount
That monsters it: Or your fore-voucht affectionThat monsters it; or your fore-vouched affectionmonster (v.)
make a monster of
KL I.i.220
fore-vouched (adj.)

old form: fore-voucht
previously declared, earlier affirmed
Fall into taint, which to beleeue of herFall into taint; which to believe of hertaint (n.)
discredit, doubt, dispute
KL I.i.221
Must be a faith that reason without miracleMust be a faith that reason without miracle KL I.i.222
Should neuer plant in me.Could never plant in me. KL I.i.223.1
I yet beseech your Maiesty.I yet beseech your majesty –  KL I.i.223.2
If for I want that glib and oylie Art,If for I want that glib and oily artif for (conj.)
KL I.i.224
want (v.)
lack, need, be without
To speake and purpose not, since what I will intend,To speak and purpose not, since what I well intendpurpose (v.)
intend to do, resolve to act
KL I.i.225
Ile do't before I speake, that you make knowneI'll do't before I speak – that you make known KL I.i.226
It is no vicious blot, murther, or foulenesse,It is no vicious blot, murder or foulness,foulness (n.)

old form: foulenesse
immorality, impurity, depravity
KL I.i.227
vicious (adj.)
caused by vice, immoral, depraved
No vnchaste action or dishonoured stepNo unchaste action or dishonoured stepdishonoured (adj.)
dishonourable, dishonouring, shameful
KL I.i.228
That hath depriu'd me of your Grace and fauour,That hath deprived me of your grace and favour, KL I.i.229
But euen for want of that, for which I am richer,But even for want of that for which I am richer:want (n.)
lack, shortage, dearth
KL I.i.230
A still soliciting eye, and such a tongue,A still-soliciting eye and such a tonguestill-soliciting (adj.)always begging, forever looking for favoursKL I.i.231
That I am glad I haue not, though not to haue it,As I am glad I have not, though not to have it KL I.i.232
Hath lost me in your liking.Hath lost me in your liking.lose (v.)
ruin the reputation of, destroy the credibility of
KL I.i.233.1
Lear. LEAR 
Better thou had'st'Better thou KL I.i.233.2
Not beene borne, then not t haue pleas'd me better.Hadst not been born than not t' have pleased me better. KL I.i.234
Is it but this? A tardinesse in nature,Is it but this, a tardiness in naturetardiness (n.)

old form: tardinesse
reserve, reticence, hesitancy
KL I.i.235
Which often leaues the history vnspokeWhich often leaves the history unspokehistory (n.)
story, tale, narrative
KL I.i.236
That it intends to do: my Lord of Burgundy,That it intends to do? My lord of Burgundy, KL I.i.237
What say you to the Lady? Loue's not loueWhat say you to the lady? Love's not love KL I.i.238
When it is mingled with regards, that standsWhen it is mingled with regards that standsregard (n.)
consideration, respect, factor
KL I.i.239
Aloofe from th'intire point, will you haue her?Aloof from th' entire point. Will you have her? KL I.i.240
She is herselfe a Dowrie.She is herself a dowry. KL I.i.241.1
Royall King,Royal Lear, KL I.i.241.2
Giue but that portion which your selfe propos'd,Give but that portion which yourself proposedportion (n.)
dowry, marriage gift, settlement
KL I.i.242
And here I take Cordelia by the hand,And here I take Cordelia by the hand, KL I.i.243
Dutchesse of Burgundie.Duchess of Burgundy. KL I.i.244
Lear. LEAR 
Nothing, I haue sworne, I am firme.Nothing! I have sworn; I am firm. KL I.i.245
(to Cordelia) KL I.i.246
I am sorry then you haue so lost a Father,I am sorry then you have so lost a father KL I.i.246
That you must loose a husband.That you must lose a husband. KL I.i.247.1
Peace be with Burgundie,Peace be with Burgundy! KL I.i.247.2
Since that respect and Fortunes are his loue,Since that respect and fortunes are his love,respect (n.)
esteem, status, honour
KL I.i.248
I shall not be his wife.I shall not be his wife. KL I.i.249
Fairest Cordelia, that art most rich being poore,Fairest Cordelia, that art most rich, being poor, KL I.i.250
Most choise forsaken, and most lou'd despis'd,Most choice, forsaken; and most loved, despised, KL I.i.251
Thee and thy vertues here I seize vpon,Thee and thy virtues here I seize upon.seize, seize upon (v.)

old form: vpon
[legal] take possession of, take hold of
KL I.i.252
Be it lawfull I take vp what's cast away.Be it lawful I take up what's cast away. KL I.i.253
Gods, Gods! 'Tis strange, that from their cold'st neglectGods, gods! 'Tis strange that from their cold'st neglect KL I.i.254
My Loue should kindle to enflam'd respect.My love should kindle to inflamed respect.inflamed (adj.)

old form: enflam'd
fervent, glowing, ardent
KL I.i.255
respect (n.)
regard, admiration, favour, opinion
Thy dowrelesse Daughter King, throwne to my chance,Thy dowerless daughter, King, thrown to my chance,dowerless (adj.)

old form: dowrelesse
lacking a dowry
KL I.i.256
Is Queene of vs, of ours, and our faire France:Is queen of us, of ours, and our fair France. KL I.i.257
Not all the Dukes of watrish Burgundy,Not all the dukes of waterish Burgundywaterish (adj.)

old form: watrish
abounding in water; also: wishy-washy, watered down
KL I.i.258
Can buy this vnpriz'd precious Maid of me.Can buy this unprized-precious maid of me.unprized-precious (adj.)highly valued though offered for no price, pricelessKL I.i.259
Bid them farewell Cordelia, though vnkinde,Bid them farewell, Cordelia, though unkind. KL I.i.260
Thou loosest here a better where to finde.Thou losest here, a better where to find. KL I.i.261
Lear. LEAR 
Thou hast her France, let her be thine,for weThou hast her, France; let her be thine, for we KL I.i.262
Haue no such Daughter, nor shall euer seeHave no such daughter, nor shall ever see KL I.i.263
That face of hers againe, therfore be gone,That face of hers again. Therefore begone, KL I.i.264
Without our Grace, our Loue, our Benizon:Without our grace, our love, our benison!benison (n.)

old form: Benizon
blessing, benediction
KL I.i.265
Come Noble Burgundie. Come, noble Burgundy. KL I.i.266
Flourish. Exeunt.Flourish. Exeunt Lear, Burgundy, Cornwall, Albany, KL I.i.267.1
Gloucester, and attendants KL I.i.267.2
Bid farwell to your Sisters.Bid farewell to your sisters. KL I.i.267
The Iewels of our Father,with wash'd eiesThe jewels of our father, with washed eyes KL I.i.268
Cordelia leaues you, I know you what you are,Cordelia leaves you. I know you what you are; KL I.i.269
And like a Sister am most loth to callAnd, like a sister, am most loath to call KL I.i.270
Your faults as they are named. Loue well our Father:Your faults as they are named. Love well our father! KL I.i.271
To your professed bosomes I commit him,To your professed bosoms I commit him.professed (adj.)
with avowed affection, displaying openly declared love
KL I.i.272
But yet alas, stood I within his Grace,But yet, alas, stood I within his grace, KL I.i.273
I would prefer him to a better place,I would prefer him to a better place. KL I.i.274
So farewell to you both.So farewell to you both. KL I.i.275
Regn. REGAN 
Prescribe not vs our dutie.Prescribe not us our duty. KL I.i.276.1
Let your studyLet your studystudy (n.)
aim, object, purpose
KL I.i.276.2
Be to content your Lord, who hath receiu'd youBe to content your lord, who hath received youcontent (v.)
please, gratify, delight, satisfy
KL I.i.277
At Fortunes almes, you haue obedience scanted,At Fortune's alms. You have obedience scanted,scant (v.)
neglect, stint, withhold
KL I.i.278
And well are worth the want that you haue wanted.And well are worth the want that you have wanted.want (n.)
lack, shortage, dearth
KL I.i.279
Time shall vnfold what plighted cunning hides,Time shall unfold what plighted cunning hides;plighted (adj.)
folded, hidden; also: solemnly pledged
KL I.i.280
unfold (v.)

old form: vnfold
identify, disclose, reveal
Who couers faults, at last with shame derides:Who covers faults, at last with shame derides. KL I.i.281
Well may you prosper.Well may you prosper! KL I.i.282.1
Come my faire Cordelia. Come, my fair Cordelia. KL I.i.282.2
Exit France and Cor.Exeunt France and Cordelia KL I.i.282
Sister, it is not little I haue to say, / Of what most Sister, it is not little I have to say of what most KL I.i.283
neerely appertaines to vs both, / I thinke our Father willnearly appertains to us both. I think our father willnearly (adv.)

old form: neerely
closely, particularly, especially
KL I.i.284
appertain (v.)

old form: appertaines
pertain, relate
hence to night.hence tonight. KL I.i.285
That's most certaine, and with you: next monethThat's most certain, and with you; next month KL I.i.286
with vs.with us. KL I.i.287
You see how full of changes his age is, theYou see how full of changes his age is. Thechange (n.)
change of mind, changeableness, caprice
KL I.i.288
obseruation we haue made of it hath beene little; heobservation we have made of it hath not been little. He KL I.i.289
alwaies lou'd our Sister most, and with what poore iudgementalways loved our sister most; and with what poor judgement KL I.i.290
he hath now cast her off, appeares too grossely.he hath now cast her off appears too grossly.grossly (adv.)

old form: grossely
openly, blatantly, brazenly
KL I.i.291
'Tis the infirmity of his age, yet he hath euer but'Tis the infirmity of his age. Yet he hath ever but KL I.i.292
slenderly knowne himselfe.slenderly known himself.slenderly (adv.)
poorly, inadequately, to a slight extent
KL I.i.293
The best and soundest of his time hath binThe best and soundest of his time hath beentime (n.)
lifetime, life
KL I.i.294
but rash, then must we looke from his age, to receiue notbut rash. Then must we look from his age to receive notlook (v.)

old form: looke
expect, anticipate, hope, await the time
KL I.i.295
alone the imperfections of long ingraffed condition, butalone the imperfections of long-ingraffed condition, butlong-ingraffed (adj.)

old form: long ingraffed
long-implanted, long-engrafted, habitual
KL I.i.296
therewithall the vnruly way-wardnesse, that infirme andtherewithal the unruly waywardness that infirm andwaywardness (n.)

old form: way-wardnesse
perversity, wrong-headedness, capriciousness
KL I.i.297
cholericke yeares bring with them.choleric years bring with them.choleric (adj.)

old form: cholericke
inclined to anger, hot-tempered, irascible
KL I.i.298
Such vnconstant starts are we like to haue fromSuch unconstant starts are we like to have fromlike (adv.)
likely, probable / probably
KL I.i.299
start (n.)
outburst, eruption, fit, reaction
unconstant (adj.)

old form: vnconstant
changeable, fickle, unpredictable
him, as this of Kents banishment.him as this of Kent's banishment. KL I.i.300
There is further complement of leaue-takingThere is further compliment of leave-takingcompliment, complement (n.)

old form: complement
ceremony, etiquette, protocol
KL I.i.301
betweene France and him, pray you let vs sit together,between France and him. Pray you, let us hit together.hit (v.)
agree, be in accord; or: strive, aim
KL I.i.302
if our Father carry authority with such disposition as heIf our father carry authority with such disposition as hedisposition (n.)
inclination, mood, frame of mind
KL I.i.303
carry (v.)
wield, exercise, exert
beares, this last surrender of his will but offend vs.bears, this last surrender of his will but offend us.offend (v.)
harm, hurt, pain
KL I.i.304
surrender (n.)
giving up, resignation [of power]
We shall further thinke of it.We shall further think of it. KL I.i.305
We must do something, and i'th'heate. We must do something, and i'th' heat.heat, in the

old form: heate
while feeling heated, while worked up
KL I.i.306
Exeunt.Exeunt KL I.i.306
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