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Enter Hamlet, Horatio, Marcellus.Enter Hamlet, Horatio, and Marcellus Ham I.iv.1.1
The Ayre bites shrewdly: is it very cold?The air bites shrewdly. It is very cold.shrewdly (adv.)
sharply, severely
Ham I.iv.1
It is a nipping and an eager ayre.It is a nipping and an eager air.eager (adj.)
keen, biting
Ham I.iv.2
What hower now?What hour now? Ham I.iv.3.1
I thinke it lacks of twelue.I think it lacks of twelve.lacks of, it
it is a little before
Ham I.iv.3.2
No, it is strooke.No, it is struck. Ham I.iv.4
Indeed I heard it not: then it drawes neere the season,Indeed? I heard it not. It then draws near the seasonseason (n.)
time, due time, occasion
Ham I.iv.5
Wherein the Spirit held his wont to walke.Wherein the spirit held his wont to walk.wont (n.)
custom, habit, practice
Ham I.iv.6
A flourish of trumpets, and two pieces of ordnance gopiece (n.)
cannon, piece of artillery, fire-arm
Ham I.iv.7.1
ordnance, ordinance (n.)
cannon, artillery
off Ham I.iv.7.2
What does this meane my Lord?What does this mean, my lord? Ham I.iv.7
The King doth wake to night, and takes his rouse,The King doth wake tonight and takes his rouse,rouse (n.)
full draught (of wine), brimful cup, carousing
Ham I.iv.8
wake (v.)
remain awake, stay up
Keepes wassels and the swaggering vpspring reeles,Keeps wassail, and the swaggering upspring reels.reels (n.)

old form: reeles
(plural) revels, revelry, merry-making
Ham I.iv.9
upspring (adj.)

old form: vpspring
newly introduced, trendy; or: a type of wild dance
wassail (n.)

old form: wassels
drinking-party, carousal, revels
And as he dreines his draughts of Renish downe,And as he drains his draughts of Rhenish downRhenish (n.)

old form: Renish
Rhineland wine
Ham I.iv.10
The kettle Drum and Trumpet thus bray outThe kettledrum and trumpet thus bray out Ham I.iv.11
The triumph of his Pledge.The triumph of his pledge.pledge (n.)
toast, drinking of a health
Ham I.iv.12.1
Is it a custome?Is it a custom? Ham I.iv.12.2
I marry ist;Ay, marry, is't.marry (int.)
[exclamation] by Mary
Ham I.iv.13
And to my mind, though I am natiue heere,But to my mind, though I am native here Ham I.iv.14
And to the manner borne: It is a CustomeAnd to the manner born, it is a custom Ham I.iv.15
More honour'd in the breach, then the obseruance.More honoured in the breach than the observance.honoured (adj.)

old form: honour'd
honourable, dignified, virtuous
Ham I.iv.16
breach (n.)
disregarding, breaking
This heavy-headed revel east and west Ham I.iv.17
Makes us traduced and taxed of other nations.traduce (v.)
defame, slander, calumniate, dishonour
Ham I.iv.18
tax (v.)
censure, blame, take to task, disparage
They clepe us drunkards and with swinish phrasephrase (n.)
phrasing, language, manner of expression
Ham I.iv.19
swinish (adj.)
coarse, gross; or: comparing [one] to pigs
clepe (v.), past forms clept, yclept
[archaism] call, name, style
Soil our addition; and indeed it takestake (v.)
take away, detract, lessen
Ham I.iv.20
soil (n.)
blemish, stain, tarnish
addition (n.)
title, name
From our achievements, though performed at height,height (n.)
maximum, highest amount, utmost degree
Ham I.iv.21
The pith and marrow of our attribute.attribute (n.)
reputation, credit, honour
Ham I.iv.22
So oft it chances in particular menoft (adv.)
Ham I.iv.23
That – for some vicious mole of nature in them,mole (n.)
blemish, fault
Ham I.iv.24
for (prep.)
on account of
vicious (adj.)
defective, faulty, bad
As in their birth, wherein they are not guilty, Ham I.iv.25
Since nature cannot choose his origin –  Ham I.iv.26
By the o'ergrowth of some complexion,complexion (n.)
natural trait, disposition, temperament, nature
Ham I.iv.27
Oft breaking down the pales and forts of reason,pale (n.)
fence, paling, enclosure
Ham I.iv.28
Or by some habit that too much o'erleavensoverleaven, over-leaven (v.)
leaven too much, pervade, imbue to excess
Ham I.iv.29
habit (n.)
behaviour, bearing, demeanour
The form of plausive manners – that these men,plausive (adj.)
pleasing, praiseworthy, laudable
Ham I.iv.30
form (n.)
way of behaving, behaviour, code of conduct
Carrying, I say, the stamp of one defect,stamp (n.)
impression, mark, imprint
Ham I.iv.31
Being nature's livery or fortune's star,star (n.)
sphere, fortune, rank
Ham I.iv.32
livery (n.)
uniform, costume, special clothing
His virtues else, be they as pure as grace,else (adv.)
(used after the noun) in addition
Ham I.iv.33
virtue (n.)
quality, accomplishment, ability
As infinite as man may undergo,undergo (v.)
support, sustain, bear
Ham I.iv.34
Shall in the general censure take corruptioncorruption (n.)
destruction, spoiling, contagion
Ham I.iv.35
censure (n.)
assessment, opinion, judgement, criticism
From that particular fault. The dram of evildram (n.)
tiny amount, small quantity
Ham I.iv.36
Doth all the noble substance of a doubt, Ham I.iv.37
To his own scandalscandal (n.)
shame, discredit, disgrace
Ham I.iv.38.1
Enter Ghost.Enter the Ghost Ham I.iv.38
Looke my Lord, it comes.Look, my lord, it comes. Ham I.iv.38.2
Angels and Ministers of Grace defend vs:Angels and ministers of grace defend us!minister (n.)
messenger, agent, servant
Ham I.iv.39
Be thou a Spirit of health, or Goblin damn'd,Be thou a spirit of health or goblin damned,health (n.)
well-being, benevolence
Ham I.iv.40
Bring with thee ayres from Heauen, or blasts from Hell,Bring with thee airs from heaven or blasts from hell,air (n.)

old form: ayres
breeze, light wind
Ham I.iv.41
Be thy euents wicked or charitable,Be thy intents wicked or charitable,intent (n.)
intention, purpose, aim
Ham I.iv.42
Thou com'st in such a questionable shapeThou comest in such a questionable shapequestionable (adj.)
inviting interrogation, of whom questions may be asked
Ham I.iv.43
shape (n.)
appearance, aspect, visible form
That I will speake to thee. Ile call thee Hamlet,That I will speak to thee. I'll call thee Hamlet, Ham I.iv.44
King, Father, Royall Dane: Oh, oh, answer me,King, father, royal Dane. O, answer me! Ham I.iv.45
Let me not burst in Ignorance; but tellLet me not burst in ignorance. But tell Ham I.iv.46
Why thy Canoniz'd bones Hearsed in death,Why thy canonized bones, hearsed in death,hearsed (adj.)
coffined, placed in a hearse
Ham I.iv.47
canonized (v.)

old form: Canoniz'd
buried with the Church's rites, consecrated by Christian burial
Haue burst their cerments, why the SepulcherHave burst their cerements; why the sepulchrecerements (n.)

old form: cerments
waxed shroud, grave-clothes, winding sheet
Ham I.iv.48
Wherein we saw thee quietly enurn'd,Wherein we saw thee quietly interredinurn (v.)

old form: enurn'd
entomb, bury, inter
Ham I.iv.49
Hath op'd his ponderous and Marble iawes,Hath oped his ponderous and marble jawsope (v.)

old form: op'd
Ham I.iv.50
To cast thee vp againe? What may this meane?To cast thee up again. What may this mean Ham I.iv.51
That thou dead Coarse againe in compleat steele,That thou, dead corse, again in complete steel,steel (n.)

old form: steele
Ham I.iv.52
complete, compleat (adj.)

old form: compleat
fully equipped, with everything present
corse (n.)

old form: Coarse
corpse, dead body
Reuisits thus the glimpses of the Moone,Revisits thus the glimpses of the moon, Ham I.iv.53
Making Night hidious? And we fooles of Nature,Making night hideous, and we fools of naturenature (n.)
natural order, ungoverned state, way of the world [often personified]
Ham I.iv.54
fool (n.)

old form: fooles
plaything, pawn, puppet
hideous (adj.)

old form: hidious
terrifying, frightful, horrifying
So horridly to shake our disposition,So horridly to shake our dispositionhorridly (adv.)
dreadfully, frightfully, terrifyingly
Ham I.iv.55
disposition (n.)
composure, state of mind, temperament
With thoughts beyond thee; reaches of our Soules,With thoughts beyond the reaches of our souls?reach (n.)
capacity, capability, power of attainment
Ham I.iv.56
Say, why is this? wherefore? what should we doe?Say, why is this? Wherefore? What should we do? Ham I.iv.57
Ghost beckens Hamlet.The Ghost beckons him Ham I.iv.58
It beckons you to goe away with it,It beckons you to go away with it, Ham I.iv.58
As if it some impartment did desireAs if it some impartment did desireimpartment (n.)
communication, imparting of information
Ham I.iv.59
To you alone.To you alone. Ham I.iv.60.1
Looke with what courteous actionLook with what courteous action Ham I.iv.60.2
It wafts you to a more remoued ground:It waves you to a more removed ground.removed (adj.)

old form: remoued
remote, secluded, further away
Ham I.iv.61
But doe not goe with it.But do not go with it. Ham I.iv.62.1
No, by no meanes.No, by no means. Ham I.iv.62.2
It will not speake: then will I follow it.It will not speak. Then I will follow it. Ham I.iv.63
Doe not my Lord.Do not, my lord. Ham I.iv.64.1
Why, what should be the feare?Why, what should be the fear? Ham I.iv.64.2
I doe not set my life at a pins fee;I do not set my life at a pin's fee.pin's fee, a
the value of a trifle
Ham I.iv.65
fee (n.)
value, worth
And for my Soule, what can it doe to that?And for my soul, what can it do to that, Ham I.iv.66
Being a thing immortall as it selfe:Being a thing immortal as itself? Ham I.iv.67
It waues me forth againe; Ile follow it.It waves me forth again. I'll follow it. Ham I.iv.68
What if it tempt you toward the Floud my Lord?What if it tempt you toward the flood, my lord,flood (n.)

old form: Floud
sea, deep, waves, rushing water
Ham I.iv.69
toward (prep.)
Or to the dreadfull Sonnet of the Cliffe,Or to the dreadful summit of the cliff Ham I.iv.70
That beetles o're his base into the Sea,That beetles o'er his base into the sea,beetle (v.)
overhang, project [like threatening eyebrows]
Ham I.iv.71
And there assumes some other horrible forme,And there assume some other, horrible form, Ham I.iv.72
Which might depriue your Soueraignty of Reason,Which might deprive your sovereignty of reasondeprive (v.)

old form: depriue
take away, remove, carry off
Ham I.iv.73
sovereignty (n.)

old form: Soueraignty
control [of yourself], powers
And draw you into madnesse thinke of it?And draw you into madness? Think of it. Ham I.iv.74
The very place puts toys of desperation,toy (n.)
fancy, fantastic thought
Ham I.iv.75
desperation (n.)
reckless despair, desperate thoughts [of self-destruction]
Without more motive, into every brain Ham I.iv.76
That looks so many fathoms to the sea Ham I.iv.77
And hears it roar beneath. Ham I.iv.78.1
It wafts me still:It waves me still. –  Ham I.iv.78.2
goe on, Ile follow thee.Go on. I'll follow thee. Ham I.iv.79
You shall not goe my Lord.You shall not go, my lord. Ham I.iv.80.1
Hold off your hand.Hold off your hands. Ham I.iv.80.2
Be rul'd, you shall not goe.Be ruled. You shall not go. Ham I.iv.81.1
My fate cries out,My fate cries out Ham I.iv.81.2
And makes each petty Artire in this body,And makes each petty artere in this bodypetty (adj.)
small, weak, inadequate, insignificant
Ham I.iv.82
artere, artire (n.)
[early spelling of ‘artery’] sinew, ligament, tendon
As hardy as the Nemian Lions nerue:As hardy as the Nemean lion's nerve.nerve (n.)

old form: nerue
sinew, ligament, muscle
Ham I.iv.83
Nemean lion
monstrous lion, reputably invulnerable, from the region of Nemea; its destruction was one of the twelve labours of Hercules
Still am I cal'd? Vnhand me Gentlemen:Still am I called. Unhand me, gentlemen. Ham I.iv.84
By Heau'n, Ile make a Ghost of him that lets me:By heaven, I'll make a ghost of him that lets me!let (v.)
hinder, prevent, stand in the way
Ham I.iv.85
ghost (n.)
corpse, dead body
I say away, goe on, Ile follow thee.I say, away! Go on. I'll follow thee. Ham I.iv.86
Exeunt Ghost & Hamlet.Exeunt the Ghost and Hamlet Ham I.iv.86
He waxes desperate with imagination.He waxes desperate with imagination.wax (v.)
grow, become, turn
Ham I.iv.87
Let's follow; 'tis not fit thus to obey him.Let's follow. 'Tis not fit thus to obey him. Ham I.iv.88
Haue after, to what issue will this come?Have after. To what issue will this come?issue (n.)
outcome, result, consequence(s)
Ham I.iv.89
have after (v.)

old form: Haue
let's follow
Something is rotten in the State of Denmarke.Something is rotten in the state of Denmark. Ham I.iv.90
Heauen will direct it.Heaven will direct it. Ham I.iv.91.1
Nay, let's follow him. Nay, let's follow him. Ham I.iv.91.2
Exeunt.Exeunt Ham I.iv.91
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