Glossary
If you are looking for a word and it doesn't appear in the Glossary, this will be because it has the same sense in Modern English, and can be found in any general dictionary. We only include words that no longer exist in Modern English, have changed their meaning since Shakespeare's day, or have an encyclopedic or specialized sense that would make them unfamiliar to many modern readers. Under this last heading, we include all the proper names (such as figures in classical mythology and local place-names) listed in our Themes and Topics (see Starting Points above).

a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z
ta (pron.)
dialect form of ‘thou’ Headword location(s)
taber (n.)
Welsh pronunciation of 'taper' see also Welsh Headword location(s)
table (n.)
writing tablet, memo pad, notebook Headword location(s)
table (n.)
dinner table, dinner party Headword location(s)
table (n.)
tablet, surface, paintbook Headword location(s)
table (n.)
intimate, confidante Headword location(s)
table (n.)
[palmistry] area between various lines on the palm Headword location(s)
table (n.)
(plural) backgammon Headword location(s)
table (v.)
tabulate, list, itemize Headword location(s)
table-book (n.) Old form(s): Table-booke
notebook, memo pad, memorandum book Headword location(s)
tablet (n.)
document presented within special covers Headword location(s)
tabor (n.) Old form(s): taber
type of small drum, especially used in revelling Headword location(s)
taborer (n.) Old form(s): Taborour
player of a tabor see also tabor (n.) Headword location(s)
taborin, tabourine (n.)
type of drum [narrower and longer than a tabor] Headword location(s)
tack about (v.) Old form(s): take
change course, run against the wind Headword location(s)
tackle (n.)
things, equipment, gear Headword location(s)
tackle (n.)
[of a ship] rigging and sails Headword location(s)
tackled (adj.)
made of rope Headword location(s)
tackling (n.)
rigging [of a ship], tackle see also Ships Headword location(s)
ta'en (v.)
past form of 'take' see also take (v.) Headword location(s)
taffety (adj.)
finely dressed, showy, overdressed Headword location(s)
tag (n.) Old form(s): Tagge
rabble, riff-raff, mob Headword location(s)
tag-rag (adj.) Old form(s): tag-ragge
raggedly dressed; riff-raff, rabble Headword location(s)
tail (n.)
[in expressions] see also come cut and long tail Headword location(s)
tailor (int.)
[said when falling] exclamation of shock, surprise see also Exclamations Headword location(s)
tailor's-yard (n.)
yard measure see also yard (n.) 1 Headword location(s)
taint (n.)
fault, blemish, flaw Headword location(s)
taint (n.)
discredit, doubt, dispute Headword location(s)
taint (n.)
corruption, infection, contamination Headword location(s)
taint (n.)
disgracing, dishonouring, discrediting Headword location(s)
taint (v.)
sully, infect, stain Headword location(s)
taint (v.)
tinge, affect, touch Headword location(s)
taint (v.)
lose vigour, become weak, wither Headword location(s)
taint (v.)
disparage, denigrate, belittle Headword location(s)
taint (v.)
impair, harm, injure Headword location(s)
taint (v.)
spoil, go rotten Headword location(s)
tainted (adj.)
infected, diseased Headword location(s)
tainted (adj.)
tinged, unnaturally touched Headword location(s)
tainted (adj.) Old form(s): tanted
corrupted, dishonourable, depraved Headword location(s)
tainted (adj.)
disgraced, discredited, dishonoured Headword location(s)
taintingly (adv.)
[probable error for] tauntingly Headword location(s)
tainture (n.) Old form(s): Taincture
tainting, staining, defilement Headword location(s)
take (v.)
bewitch, take possession of, take into one's power Headword location(s)
take (v.)
take away, detract, lessen Headword location(s)
take (v.)
assume, pretend, feign Headword location(s)
take (v.)
put up with, accept Headword location(s)
take (v.)
accept, receive, escape with Headword location(s)
take (v.) Old form(s): tane
overtake, encounter, meet up with Headword location(s)
take (v.) Old form(s): tooke
make an impression Headword location(s)
take (v.)
conquer, overthrow, destroy Headword location(s)
take (v.)
encounter, approach, tackle Headword location(s)
take (v.) Old form(s): tane
catch, receive, get Headword location(s)
take (v.) Old form(s): tooke
take refuge in, go into, enter [for safety] Headword location(s)
take (v.) Old form(s): tooke
catch out, take by surprise Headword location(s)
take (v.)
make use of, seize on Headword location(s)
take (v.)
accept, believe, trust Headword location(s)
take (v.)
take in, comprehend, understand Headword location(s)
take (v.)
captivate, delight, enrapture Headword location(s)
take (v.)
measure, estimate, gauge Headword location(s)
take (v.) Old form(s): tooke
strike, hit, catch Headword location(s)
take (v.) Old form(s): tookst
suppose, conceive, come to believe Headword location(s)
take (v.)
win favour, gain acceptance, become popular Headword location(s)
take (v.) Old form(s): tooke
swear, take an oath Headword location(s)
take all
all or nothing, victory or death! Headword location(s)
take away (v.)
clear the table Headword location(s)
take down (v.) Old form(s): downe
humble, lower, cut down to size Headword location(s)
take down (v.) Old form(s): downe
swallow, consume, ingest Headword location(s)
take head from
rebel against, rush away from Headword location(s)
take heel Old form(s): Tooke heele
take to one's heels, run away Headword location(s)
take in (v.) Old form(s): take-in
conquer, subdue, overcome Headword location(s)
take in hand
acknowledge, recognize, undertake Headword location(s)
take it
affirm, swear, take an oath Headword location(s)
take me with you
help me understand you Headword location(s)
take off (v.) Old form(s): Tane , Tooke off
kill, remove, put to death Headword location(s)
take off (v.) Old form(s): tak
reduce, diminish, lessen Headword location(s)
take on (v.) Old form(s): tooke
assume a role, carry on Headword location(s)
take on (v.)
behave, act; or: rage, rant Headword location(s)
take out (v.)
study, learn; also: draw forth Headword location(s)
take out (v.) Old form(s): tane
copy, imitate, replicate Headword location(s)
take out (v.)
lead out for a dance Headword location(s)
take peace
make peace Headword location(s)
take to (v.)
have recourse to, take oneself off to Headword location(s)
take to (v.)
subsist on, use as a resource Headword location(s)
take up (v.) Old form(s): take vp , tane vp, vp
settle, make up, resolve Headword location(s)
take up (v.) Old form(s): vp
take on, handle, cope with Headword location(s)
take up (v.) Old form(s): vp
occupy, fill up Headword location(s)
take up (v.) Old form(s): vp
rebuke, scold, reprimand Headword location(s)
take up (v.) Old form(s): vp
arrest, seize, apprehend Headword location(s)
take up (v.) Old form(s): vp
recruit, enlist, levy Headword location(s)
take up (v.) Old form(s): vp
raise up, let rise Headword location(s)
take up (v.) Old form(s): vp
keep out, block, prevent Headword location(s)
take up (v.) Old form(s): vp
take possession of, seize hold of Headword location(s)
take upon (v.) Old form(s): takes vpon , vpon
undertake a role, assume a responsibility [for oneself] Headword location(s)
take upon (v.) Old form(s): vpon
assume the burden of, undertake the study of [for oneself] Headword location(s)
take upon (v.) Old form(s): vpon
profess, pretend, affect [oneself] Headword location(s)
take upon (v.)
[in expressions] see also wall, take the Headword location(s)
take upon (v.)
[in expressions] see also truce, take Headword location(s)
take upon (v.)
[in expressions] see also order, take Headword location(s)
take upon (v.)
[in expressions] see also heels, take my Headword location(s)
take upon (v.)
[in expressions] see also head, take the Headword location(s)
taken (adj.)
undertaken, set in train Headword location(s)
taking (adj.)
infectious, contagious, pernicious Headword location(s)
taking (n.)
state, fright, agitation Headword location(s)
taking (n.)
attack of disease, seizure Headword location(s)
taking up (n.) Old form(s): Taking-vp
dealing, bargaining, agreement Headword location(s)
taking-off (n.) Old form(s): taking off
killing, elimination, removal Headword location(s)
tale (n.)
false rumour, story, tittle-tattle Headword location(s)
tale (n.)
talking, discourse Headword location(s)
tale (n.)
remark, statement, utterance Headword location(s)
tale, in a
in agreement, unanimous, in accord Headword location(s)
talent (n.) Old form(s): tallents
[unclear meaning] wealth, treasure, riches Headword location(s)
talent (n.)
variant form of ‘talon’ Headword location(s)
talent (n.)
high-value accounting unit in some ancient countries see also Money Headword location(s)
talker (n.)
someone of words but not deeds Headword location(s)
tall (adj.)
brave, valiant, bold Headword location(s)
tall (adj.)
large, fine, grand Headword location(s)
tall (adj.)
good, fine, capable Headword location(s)
tall (adj.)
long, high Headword location(s)
tallow (n.)
fat Headword location(s)
tallow-catch (n.) Old form(s): Tallow Catch
[unclear meaning] dripping-pan [placed under roasting meat] Headword location(s)
tallow-face (n.) Old form(s): tallow face
[contemptuous] face as pale as wax Headword location(s)
tally (n.)
[in expressions] see also score and tally Headword location(s)
tam (n.)
Welsh pronunciation of 'dam' see also Welsh Headword location(s)
tame (adj.)
submissive, resigned, habituated Headword location(s)
tame (adj.)
domesticated, as pets Headword location(s)
tame (adj.)
petty, decoy [attracting people into a card game] Headword location(s)
tame (adj.)
familiar, habitual, customary Headword location(s)
tame (v.)
[= attame] break into, pierce, broach Headword location(s)
tamed (adj.)
[of a cask] tapped, pierced Headword location(s)
tang (n.)
sting, sharp edge Headword location(s)
tang (v.)
ring out, utter resoundingly Headword location(s)
tangle (v.)
trap, snare, enmesh, hold fast Headword location(s)
tanling (n.)
sun-tanned child Headword location(s)
tanta...
so great is the integrity of our purpose towards you, most noble Queen see also Latin Headword location(s)
tantaene...
is there so much anger in heavenly minds? see also Latin Headword location(s)
Tantalus (n.)
king of Sipylos in Lydia, punished in the Underworld for his crimes; he sits in a pool which recedes when he bends to drink, and the grapes over his head elude his grasp see also Classical mythology Headword location(s)
tap (v.)
work as a tapster Headword location(s)
taper (n.) Old form(s): Tapor
candle Headword location(s)
taper-light (n.) Old form(s): Taper light
candle-light Headword location(s)
taphouse, tap-house (n.)
ale-house, tavern Headword location(s)
tapster (n.)
inn waiter, drawer of ale Headword location(s)
tardiness (n.) Old form(s): tardinesse
reserve, reticence, hesitancy Headword location(s)
tardy (adj.) Old form(s): tardie
dull, slow-witted, reluctant Headword location(s)
tardy (adv.) Old form(s): tardie
inadequately Headword location(s)
tardy (v.)
delay, retard, hold back Headword location(s)
tardy, take Old form(s): tardie, ta'ne
catch unawares, take by surprise Headword location(s)
tardy-apish (adj.) Old form(s): tardie apish
slow in copying, always behind in imitating Headword location(s)
tardy-gaited Old form(s): tardy-gated
slow-moving, sluggish Headword location(s)
targe (n.)
shield see also Weapons Headword location(s)
target (n.) Old form(s): Targuet
light round shield see also Weapons Headword location(s)
Tarpeian rock
[pron: tahr'payan] rock in Rome, from which criminals were thrown to their deaths see also World [outside Britain], places and peoples Headword location(s)
Tarquin
Tarquinius Superbus, seventh king of Rome, 6th-c BC see also Historical figures Headword location(s)
Tarquin
Tarquinius Superbus, seventh king of Rome, 6th-c BC see also Lucrece, Lucretia (n.) 1 Headword location(s)
tarre (v.)
incite, provoke, arouse Headword location(s)
tarriance (n.)
delay, procrastination, lingering Headword location(s)
tarriance (n.) Old form(s): tariance
waiting, abiding Headword location(s)
tarry (v.) Old form(s): tarrie
stay, remain, linger Headword location(s)
tarry (v.) Old form(s): taries
await, expect, anticipate Headword location(s)
tarry (v.)
stay for, wait for, allow time for Headword location(s)
tarrying (n.)
waiting, delaying, lingering Headword location(s)
Tarsus (n.)
ancient city of Asia Minor, S Turkey see also World [outside Britain], places and peoples Headword location(s)
tart (adj.)
sour, severe, grim Headword location(s)
Tartar (n.)
someone from Tartary, C Asia; known for pitilessness; also, a stereotype of dark complexion see also World [outside Britain], places and peoples Headword location(s)
Tartar (n.)
Tartarus; underworld place of confinement for those who incurred the wrath of the gods see also World [outside Britain], places and peoples Headword location(s)
tartly (adv.)
sourly, grouchily, with a bitter demeanour Headword location(s)
task (n.)
F version of 'attask' in KL see also attask (v.) Headword location(s)
task (v.) Old form(s): task'd , taske
set a task [for], employ Headword location(s)
task (v.) Old form(s): taske , taskt
test, try out, challenge Headword location(s)
task (v.) Old form(s): task't
impose a tax upon Headword location(s)
task (v.) Old form(s): taske
take to task, censure, chastise see also tax (v.) 1 Headword location(s)
task of (v.)
occupy, engage, make demands on Headword location(s)
tasking (n.)
offering of a challenge Headword location(s)
tassel (n.) Old form(s): tassell
ornamental fringe Headword location(s)
tassel-gentle (n.) Old form(s): Tassell gentle
male peregrine falcon Headword location(s)
taste (n.)
trial, testing, proof Headword location(s)
taste (n.)
measure, degree, slight way Headword location(s)
taste (v.)
act as taster, make trial [as if by taste] Headword location(s)
taste (v.)
try out, test, put to the proof Headword location(s)
taste of (v.)
partake of, savour of Headword location(s)
tattered (adj.) Old form(s): tatter'd
jagged, with pointed projections; or: dilapidated, battered Headword location(s)
tattered (adj.) Old form(s): totter'd , tottered
torn, ragged Headword location(s)
tattling (adj.) Old form(s): tatling
gossiping, tale-telling, rumour-mongering Headword location(s)
tattling (n.) Old form(s): tatlings
prattle, chatter, idle talk Headword location(s)
Taurus (n.)
[pron: 'tawrus] Turkish mountain range see also World [outside Britain], places and peoples Headword location(s)
Taurus (n.)
Bull [second sign of the zodiac, associated with cuckoldry] see also Cosmos Headword location(s)
Tavy (n.)
Welsh pronunciation of 'Davy' see also Welsh Headword location(s)
tawdry-lace (n.)
silk necktie, coloured neckerchief Headword location(s)
tawny (adj.)
brown-skinned Headword location(s)
tawny (adj.)
yellowish brown Headword location(s)
tax (n.) Old form(s): Taxe
charge, accusation, censure Headword location(s)
tax (v.) Old form(s): taxe
order, tell, command Headword location(s)
tax (v.) Old form(s): tax'd , taxe , taxt , taze
censure, blame, take to task, disparage see also task (v.) 4 Headword location(s)
taxation (n.)
criticism, censure, slander Headword location(s)
taxation (n.)
demand for money, financial claim Headword location(s)
taxing (n.)
criticism, censure, reproof Headword location(s)
Te Deum
Thee God [opening words of Te Deum laudamus, 'We praise thee, God'] see also Latin Headword location(s)
teach (v.)
give direction to, lecture Headword location(s)
teach (v.)
show, point out to Headword location(s)
teachy (adj.)
irritable, peevish, fretful see also tetchy (adj.) Headword location(s)
tear (v.) Old form(s): torne
break, shatter, burst Headword location(s)
tear-distained (adj.) Old form(s): teare-distained
tear-stained Headword location(s)
tediosity (n.)
tediousness, bother, trouble Headword location(s)
tedious (adj.)
laborious, painstaking, wearyingly intricate Headword location(s)
tedious (adj.)
[in expressions] see also brief and the long / tedious, the Headword location(s)
tedious (adj.)
painful, irksome, harrowing Headword location(s)
teem (v.) Old form(s): teeme
give birth, have a child Headword location(s)
teem (v.) Old form(s): teemes
produce, bring forth Headword location(s)
teem (v.) Old form(s): teeme
be made pregnant, conceive Headword location(s)
teeming (adj.)
pregnant, prolific, overfull Headword location(s)
teeming-date (n.) Old form(s): teeming date
child-bearing age Headword location(s)
teen (n.) Old form(s): teene
trouble, grief, suffering Headword location(s)
teeth and forehead of, to the
in the very face of, confronting face-to-face Headword location(s)
teeth, from one's
in a pretended way, without conviction Headword location(s)
teeth, in the
to my face, in direct opposition Headword location(s)
Telamon (n.)
father of Ajax see also Classical mythology Headword location(s)
Telamon (n.)
father of Ajax see also Ajax (n.) 1 Headword location(s)
Telemonius (n.)
[pron: tele'mohnius] name sometimes given to Ajax see also Classical mythology Headword location(s)
Telemonius (n.)
[pron: tele'mohnius] name sometimes given to Ajax see also Ajax (n.) 1 Headword location(s)
tell (v.) Old form(s): tel , tels
count out, number, itemize Headword location(s)
tell (v.)
communicate, make known Headword location(s)
tell (v.)
say, assert, put it about Headword location(s)
tell (v.)
rebuke, admonish, reprove Headword location(s)
tell (v.) Old form(s): tels , tould
disclose, reveal, explain Headword location(s)
tell (v.)
tell the time on Headword location(s)
tell (v.)
spell out, narrate, recount Headword location(s)
tell out (v.)
count out, reckon up Headword location(s)
Tellus (n.)
Roman goddess of the earth see also Gods and goddesses Headword location(s)
temper (n.)
frame of mind, temperament, disposition Headword location(s)
temper (n.)
quality, constitution, condition Headword location(s)
temper (n.)
self-control, self-restraint, moderation Headword location(s)
temper (n.)
mental balance, stable mind Headword location(s)
temper (v.) Old form(s): temper'd, temp'red
blend, mix, concoct, compound Headword location(s)
temper (v.)
soften, moisten, mix [with] Headword location(s)
temper (v.) Old form(s): temper'd
harden, toughen Headword location(s)
temper (v.) Old form(s): temper'd, tempred
mould, shape, work, bring [to a particular character] Headword location(s)
temper (v.) Old form(s): Temp'ring
moderate, soften, tone down Headword location(s)
temper with (v.)
conform to, be moulded by Headword location(s)
temperality (n.) Old form(s): temperalitie
malapropism for ‘temper’ Headword location(s)
temperance (n.)
temperateness, climate, mildness Headword location(s)
temperance (n.) Old form(s): Temp'rance
self-control, calm behaviour, moderation Headword location(s)
temperance (n.)
chastity Headword location(s)
temperate (adj.)
self-restrained, abstemious, gentle-natured Headword location(s)
temperate (adj.) Old form(s): temp'rate
calm, moderate, composed Headword location(s)
temperately (adv.) Old form(s): temp'rately
steadily, calmly, moderately Headword location(s)
tempered (adj.) Old form(s): temper'd
temperate, controlled, brought to the right quality Headword location(s)
tempered (adj.) Old form(s): temper'd
in such a mood, of this disposition Headword location(s)
tempering (n.) Old form(s): tempring
softening, moulding Headword location(s)
temple (n.)
human body [i.e. temple in which the Holy Spirit lives] Headword location(s)
temple (n.)
church Headword location(s)
temporal (adj.) Old form(s): temporall
secular, civil, worldly Headword location(s)
temporary (adj.)
in temporal affairs, of this world's doings Headword location(s)
temporize (v.) Old form(s): temporiz'd
compromise, conform, become amenable Headword location(s)
temporize (v.) Old form(s): temporise
negotiate, come to terms, effect a compromise Headword location(s)
temporizer (n.)
delayer, procrastinator, someone who plays for time Headword location(s)
tempt (v.)
try, test, make trial of Headword location(s)
tempt (v.)
persuade, entice, invite Headword location(s)
tempt (v.)
risk, venture out to, dare to encounter Headword location(s)
tenable (adj.)
kept secret, retained, kept back Headword location(s)
Tenantius (n.)
[pron: te'nantius] British king, father of Cymbeline see also Historical figures Headword location(s)
Tenantius (n.)
[pron: te'nantius] British king, father of Cymbeline see also Cymbeline (n.) 1 Headword location(s)
tench (n.)
type of freshwater fish [with red spots on its skin] Headword location(s)
tend (v.)
await, wait in expectation Headword location(s)
tend (v.)
short form of 'attend' see also attend (v.) Headword location(s)
tend (v.)
relate, refer, be relevant Headword location(s)
tend (v.)
serve, promote, sustain Headword location(s)
tend (v.)
attend, listen, pay attention Headword location(s)
tend (v.)
attend, wait on, serve Headword location(s)
tend on / upon (v.) Old form(s): vpon
serve, follow, wait upon, escort Headword location(s)
tendance (n.)
attention, care, solicitude Headword location(s)
tendance (n.)
retinue, people in attendance Headword location(s)
tender (adj.)
immature, undeveloped, inexperienced Headword location(s)
tender (adj.)
sensitive [to], easily hurt [by] Headword location(s)
tender (adj.)
meek, submissive, spineless Headword location(s)
tender (adj.)
thoughtful, considerate, solicitous Headword location(s)
tender (adj.)
young Headword location(s)
tender (adj.)
pitiable, pathetic, moving Headword location(s)
tender (adj.)
weak, faint, delicate Headword location(s)
tender (adj.)
fond of comfort, attached to the easy life Headword location(s)
tender (adj.)
mild, soft, gentle Headword location(s)
tender (n.)
offer, offering Headword location(s)
tender (n.)
proposal of marriage, offer of betrothal Headword location(s)
tender (n.)
care, concern, solicitude Headword location(s)
tender (v.)
rate, esteem, regard Headword location(s)
tender (v.) Old form(s): tendring
feel concern for, hold dear, care for Headword location(s)
tender (v.)
grant, consent to Headword location(s)
tender (v.) Old form(s): tender'd, tender'st , tendred , tendring
offer, give, present Headword location(s)
tender (v.)
look after, take care of Headword location(s)
tender down (v.) Old form(s): tender downe
offer, proffer, present Headword location(s)
tender-dying (adj.)
dying young Headword location(s)